Historical Timeline
HISTORY (1 to 1700 AD)

9 AD (late Summer) - Arminius, the twenty-seven-year-old chief of the Germanic Cherusci tribe, lures three Roman legions under the command of Publius Quintilius Varus, the arrogant legate of Germania, into an ambush in the Teutoburg Forest (in Westphalia). Although heavily outnumbered, Arminius uses military techniques he learned while serving in the Roman auxiliary forces to decimate over twenty thousand Roman soldiers in the space of only three days. The Battle of Teutoburg Forest has the effect of stopping the Roman expansion into Germania and, as such, is considered one of the most decisive battles in history, with tremendous consequences for European history (a Europe fragmented by Arminius's victory will eventually have huge repercussions, including two World Wars within the next two millennia) (The Shadow in the Glass, no date is given on p.179. The defeat of Varus's forces in the late summer of AD9 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

14 AD - Tiberius succeeds his father, Augustus, to the throne of the Roman Empire (Byzantium!, the reigns of Augustus [27BC - 14AD] and Tiberius [14 - 37AD] are said to be 'thirty or forty years' earlier [than AD64] on p.51). (MG)

? 30 AD - The Roman Ninth Legion is taken by the War Lords for their War Games in the far future (The War Games. In The Eight Doctors, events mentioned on p.52, no date given. According to the Centurion, the Legion is from a time when Christianity is just starting up, and the Emperor is 'down' about it. Roman Emperor Tiberius Nero, who ruled at the time of the beginnings of Christianity, ruled while Jesus Christ lived. Arbitrarily dated). (CW)

? 33 AD - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip to the Holy Land, witnesses a posse of men chase Apollonius of Tyana, infamous for spreading demonic infestation and possession, into the wilderness. Probably as a result of his exile, Apollonius writes a text about demonology called the Nuctemeron (Fascination (D) (D), no date is given, but Apollonius is considered to be a 'contemporary of Jesus of Nazareth' on p.211). (MG)

c 33 AD - Cartaphilius, the doorkeeper of Pontius Pilate's Judgement Hall, strikes Jesus Christ as he leaves the Roman procurator's courtrooms on his way to be crucified. In retribution, Cartaphilius is cursed by God to walk the Earth until the return of the Messiah. Several days after the Crucifixion, Cartaphilius begins his eternal wanderings, converting to Christianity and receiving the name Joseph when he is baptised by Ananias. Sometime after this, he acquires the only copy of the Cartographia of Sardis, containing maps of the ancient world (Matrix, no date is given. Events mentioned on p.237. The book vanishes 'nearly two thousand years' earlier [than 1888] on p.207. Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea from about AD26-36. In Byzantium!, the Crucifixion takes place 'in the twenty-first year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar' [AD35] on p.52. It is 'thirty years' earlier [than AD64] on p.181). (MG/II)

37 AD - Gaius Caesar Germanicus (better known as 'Caligula' - or 'little boot' - for wearing military boots while being raised in the frontier camps as a small child) becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire. At some point during his brief, four-year reign, Caligula constructs a temple to the pagan goddess Isis on the Campus Martius in Rome, incorporating the ancient Egyptian deities, including Osiris, into Roman society (Byzantium!, no date is given on p.198. The reign of Caligula from 37 - 41AD is a matter of historical record). (MG)

43 AD - Led by the Emperor Claudius and commander Aulus Plautius, the Romans mount a full-scale invasion of Britannia after King Caratacus of the Catuvellauni tribe ceases tribute payments and stirs up anti-Roman sentiment. Legionnaire Gaius Calaphilus is among the ranks when Claudius and Aulus Plautius invade the wild and barren land to put an end to the rebellion (Byzantium!, this takes place 'twenty years' earlier [than AD64] on p.89. The rebellion of Caratacus and the subsequent Roman invasion of Britain in AD43 are a matter of historical record). (MG)

c 44 AD - By this time the Zealots, a group of Jewish extremists, have formed a branch known as the sicarii (or 'knife-men') and, mingling in crowds with daggers in their garments on festival occasions, strike down prominent Roman collaborators (Byzantium!, this takes place 'more than twenty years' earlier [than AD64] on p.68). (MG)

49 AD - While stationed in Judaea, Captain Drusus Felinistius and his men form the most feared and respected murder squad in all of Rome's legions (Byzantium!, this takes place 'fifteen years' earlier [than AD64] on p.216). (MG)

51 AD - Caratacus, King of the Catuvellauni, is finally defeated at the hands of governor Ostorious Scapula after resisting Roman rule for almost nine years. Although beaten, Caratacus manages to escape to the land of the Brigantes only to be handed over to the Romans by their queen, Cartimandua, and taken to Rome along with other captives. The Emperor Claudius pardons Caratacus due, in part to his courtesy and bearing, and he and his family are permitted to live out their lives in Rome (Byzantium!, no date is given. Caratacus's eventual capture in AD51 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

? c 51 AD - King Constantine the Great of the Catuvellauni tribe, takes the advice of a roaming unit of Gallifreyan Interventionists to escape the first Roman police actions along the south coast of Britain. The Interventionists provide Constantine with the technology to dream everyone in his kingdom into another reality, imagined into existence every moment by the King who sleeps under a pool in his great castle. Other tribes quickly take over the forts the Catuvellauni leave behind and the location of the lost tribe becomes the basis for the Celtic legend of Avalon (The Shadows of Avalon, this takes place 'over two thousand years' earlier [than 2012] on p.49, sometime during 'the first century' on p.50). (MG)

54 AD - Claudius, Emperor of the Roman Empire since AD41, dies and is succeeded by Lucius Nero Caesar (Byzantium!, this takes place 'a decade' earlier [than AD64] on p.18. Claudius's death and Nero's rise to the throne in AD54 are a matter of historical record). (MG)

54 AD - Hieronymous bar Jehoiachin becomes Pharisee of Byzantium and one of his first acts is to judge upon the case of a child named Ruth who has become seduced by the Christian sect. An attempt to scourge the false teachings from the girl ends in failure and she is stoned to death. The Christians subsequently elevate Ruth to martyrdom (Byzantium!, this takes place 'ten years' earlier [than AD64] on p.39). (MG)

60 AD - Following the death of its king, Prasutagus, the Celtic Iceni tribe finds its lands pillaged by the Roman imperial procurator Decianus Catus. When Prasutagus's widow, Boudicca, makes a complaint she is personally flogged and her daughters raped by Roman agents. After having the rapists skinned alive and impaled on posts for their crime, Queen Boudicca calls the Iceni to war, declaring them to be free from Roman rule. The Iceni are soon joined in their rebellion by their southern neighbours, the Trinovantes, who have not had their tribal lands returned to them after the Roman defeat of the Catuvellauni (Byzantium!, no date is given on p.49. In Human Nature, the date is given as 'circa AD 62' on p.40. The beginning of Queen Boudicca's revolt in AD60 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

61 AD - Queen Boudicca's forces burn the settlements of Camulodunum (Colchester), Verulamium (St Albans) and Londinium (London) to the ground. General Gaius Calaphilus fights at the side of the Emperor Claudius against the hordes of the Iceni and Trinovantes. Eventually, the Iceni are defeated in a pitched battle at Manduessedum by the forces of governor Suetonius Paulinus and Boudicca kills herself. The tribes of south-eastern Britannia will never again rise against Rome after the near-annihilation of the Iceni and the Trinovantes (Byzantium!, this takes place 'two years' earlier [than AD64] on p.18. Events mentioned on p.49. In Human Nature, the date is given as 'circa AD 62' on p.40. Boudicca's defeat in AD61 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

62 AD - Jacob Basellas, the father of Jewish Zealots Matthew and Simeon, is executed in Byzantium by Roman soldiers (Byzantium!, this takes place 'two years' earlier [than AD64] on p.42). (MG)

62 AD - An earthquake hits the prosperous trading settlement of Pompeii. This natural disaster forces the citizens to rebuild and restore the city's industrial and commercial centres while also giving them the opportunity to expand and reshape the Forum and to realign the streets, adding a new building based on the latest designs from Rome (The Fires of Vulcan. this takes place 'seventeen years' earlier on Disc 1, Track 6). (MG)

63 AD (? Spring) - Thalius Maximus, governor protector of Byzantium, is granted a divorce from his promiscuous wife, Antonia. Within a short space of time the divorcees have remarried - Thalius weds the lady Jocelyn, while Antonia becomes the wife of a local senator, Germanicus Vinicius (Byzantium!, this takes place 'less than a year' earlier [than March AD64] on p.54). (MG)

64 AD (Feb) - Lucius Annaeus Seneca, Rome's leading philosopher, statesman and orator, dies in Pompeii (Byzantium!, this takes place 'last month' [in March] on p.47. Seneca's actual death in AD65 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

64 AD (March 13th) - A trio of Zealot 'terrorists' are captured and executed in Byzantium, leaving others, such as Matthew Basellas, intent on seeking revenge for the systematic extermination of his people (Byzantium!, this takes place 'yesterday' [on March 14th] on p.40). (MG)

64 AD (March 14th) - The TARDIS precariously materialises on the edge of a cliff before toppling over (The Romans. In Romans Cutaway (MST), events mentioned on p.226. In Byzantium!, events mentioned on p.26). Exiting the fallen craft, the First Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Vicki find themselves on the outskirts of Byzantium in Thrace (Turkey) and, entering the city, find rented accommodation for themselves close to the central market place. Elsewhere in the city, a group of Zealots under the leadership of Matthew Basellas gathers to plot revenge against their Roman oppressors. Unknown to the time travellers, a local senator named Germanicus Vinicius has chanced upon the 'strange blue chariot' outside the city walls and has had it transported to his villa near Rome (Byzantium!, the exact date is given on p.28. Events mentioned on p.274. We are given two separate accounts of the TARDIS's arrival in AD64 - in Byzantium!, the time travellers materialise in Thrace, within sight of Byzantium, on p.29. In Romans Cutaway (MST), the TARDIS arrives 'in Italy', 'less than a week's walk away from Rome itself' on p.231). (MG)

64 AD (? March 21st) - The time travellers prepare to leave Byzantium after having spent a relaxing week on holiday within the city. While gathering provisions in the market place, the Doctor and his companions become separated when Basellas's Zealots arrive and instigate a riot by killing Roman soldiers and attacking stallholders. The soldiers of General Gaius Calaphilus arrive to curb the insurrection and over one hundred and sixty men, women and children are eventually killed. In the aftermath, Vicki finds herself in the home of a Thracian shopkeeper named Georgiadis, while the Doctor comes to in a cave outside the city walls, tended to by a group of Christians. Barbara seeks sanctuary in a Jewish synagogue, where the Pharisee Hieronymous bar Jehoiachin rescues her from being stoned to death and gives her shelter in his home. Ian is captured and taken prisoner by Roman soldiers but convinces governor Thalius Maximus that he is a citizen of the Roman Empire from Briton. He is given lavish quarters in the Villa Praefectus, where he finds himself fighting off the unwanted amorous advances of Thalius's wife, Jocelyn and her handmaiden Felicia (Byzantium!, this takes place 'several days' later, on p.57. It appears to be around a 'week' since the TARDIS's arrival, on p.58). (MG)

64 AD (? March 22nd) - Barbara learns that yesterday's riot ended with many casualties and believes that her friends are probably dead. Vicki also learns of the riot's aftermath and is adopted by Georgiadis and his wife Evangeline as their daughter. In the Villa Praefectus, Ian meets two new allies, Fabulous the keeper of the library, and Gemellus Parthenor, advisor to Thalius Maximus. Elsewhere, a clandestine meeting including tribunes Markus Lanilla, Fabius Actium, and Edius Flavia plots the assassination of their general, Calaphilus, and governor Thalius (Byzantium!, it is 'sunrise' on p.92). (MG)

64 AD (? March 23rd) - Evangeline beats a hungry Vicki for 'stealing' bread from Georgiadis's home. Back in the Villa Praefectus, Ian fends off the visiting Antonia, wife of senator Germanicus Vinicius (Byzantium!, it is Vicki's 'second day' with the Greeks, on p.115. This is the Doctor has spent 'two days' with the Christians, on p.125). (MG)

64 AD (? March 24th) - The Doctor, having recovered from his wounds, decides to leave the Christians and is guided back to the area where the TARDIS materialised, only to learn that it has vanished. Back in the city, Ian develops a reputation as a great orator, with a wealth of folk tales previously unheard and is given a gladius short stabbing sword inscribed with his initials by Thalius. Vicki is present at the public crucifixion of two Christians when a group of Zealots appears and begins killing Christian bystanders (Byzantium!, this is the Doctor's 'third day' with the Christians, on p.129). (MG)

64 AD (? March 25th) - Vicki decides to run away from the Georgiadis household, but she is eventually talked out of it by a gentle old man by the name of Papavasilliou (Byzantium!, the executions took place 'the previous day' on p.164). (MG)

64 AD (? March 30th) - Barbara is shocked when she overhears that Hieronymous intends to make her his wife and confronts him on the matter. Afterwards, an enraged Hieronymous summons his deputies and informs them that he has been far too lenient with the Christians and now intends to persecute them to extinction (Byzantium!, Barbara has been a guest of Hieronymous for 'almost a week' by this time, on p.157). (MG)

64 AD (? April 1st) - Barbara plucks up the courage to confront Hieronymous once again and tells him that she has decided to leave Byzantium (Byzantium!, it is 'over a day' since Barbara confronted Hieronymous, on p.186. It is 'almost two weeks' since the TARDIS crew is split up [on ?March 21st] on p.197). (MG)

64 AD (? April 2nd) - The Doctor travels with the group of Christians to a cave close to the peak of one of the Byheomentalah hills, where he witnesses the scribes Amos, Rayhab and Reuben translating the gospel of Mark from brief notes in Hebrew and Aramaic into Greek. Unable to resist the temptation, the Doctor decides to give a helping hand to translate the scrolls. Back in the city of Byzantium, the conspirator Edius Flavia is lured into a trap by General Calaphilus and is arrested for 'raping' the handmaiden Felicia (Byzantium!, it is 'several days' since the Doctor discovers that the TARDIS is missing, on p.174). (MG)

64 AD (? April 3rd) - Ian is handed a note informing him to meet with Calaphilus and learns of Flavia's arrest the previous evening, while Gemellus tells Calaphilus that he and Thalius must band together to unmask the rest of the conspirators. To facilitate this, Ian and Gemellus arrange a meeting between Calaphilus and Thalius. Elsewhere, the Doctor translates the beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ from a form of early Greek. Back in the city, Vicki has been denounced as a spy by the neighbours of Georgiadis, and is arrested by soldiers under the command of Captain Drusus Felinistius (Byzantium!, Flavia was arrested 'last night' on p.189. Vicki has spent at least another 'two or three days' with the Georgiadis family, on p.192). (MG)

64 AD (? April 4th) - An assassination attempt on Ian's life ends with Fabulous dead in his place. During a casual conversation with a Thracian woman named Cressida, Barbara learns that a young girl matching Vicki's description was rescued from the market place riot by the shopkeeper Georgiadis, and the schoolteacher decides to seek out her friend tomorrow. Returning to the caves on the outskirts of Byzantium, the Doctor meets the old man named Papavasilliou and is overjoyed when he realises Vicki is still alive. Elsewhere, the conspirator Flavia is tortured to death, but finally names his co-conspirators before expiring (Byzantium!, Vicki was arrested 'the previous evening' on p.234. For Ian the meeting takes place 'the previous day' on p.236. Barbara has spent 'two days' on her own, on p.238). (MG)

64 AD (? April 5th) - Searching the Greek quarter, Barbara finally locates the Georgiadis house and, after winning their confidence, the shopkeeper and his wife tell Barbara that Vicki did indeed survive and spent time at their house before being arrested for being a spy. A chance conversation with Drusus Felinistius at Fabulous's funeral imparts Ian with the knowledge that Vicki is alive and well, albeit a prisoner. Later that night, General Calaphilus orders his legions to search the city and to round up the conspirators. Barbara is finally reunited with Vicki quite by chance before being rescued from a murderous Zealot by the timely arrival of Ian. While the three time travellers seek shelter for the night, the Doctor enters Byzantium in search of his friends (Byzantium!, the Doctor learned of Vicki's survival 'yesterday' on p.251. For Barbara, this takes place 'tomorrow' on p.238. The time travellers have been apart for 'sixteen days' [since ?March 21st] on p.261). (MG)

64 AD (? April 6th) - Early the next morning, Ian, Barbara and Vicki depart the city in search of the TARDIS. Elsewhere in Byzantium, the traitorous Marcus Lanilla and Fabius Actium murder Matthew Basellas and Hieronymous before they too are captured and executed by Calaphilus's soldiers. Reunited with his friends at last, the Doctor discovers that the TARDIS has been taken to a villa near Rome and the four time travellers set out on the thousand-mile trek along the Egnation Way to the Empire's capital (Byzantium!, it is 'dawn' on p.268). (MG)

64 AD (? April 8th) - The time travellers join up with a group of Bedouin tribesmen on their long journey towards Rome (Byzantium!, they have been travelling for 'three days' on p.276). (MG)

64 AD (? June) - The First Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Vicki arrive near a villa less than a week's walk away from Rome. After fending off a hungry tiger that has probably escaped from the arena, the travellers make a promise to a dying manservant, Lucius, to look after the villa while its owner is away campaigning in Gaul (Romans Cutaway (MST), no date is given. The time travellers spend 'a few weeks' in the villa [prior to The Romans] on p.237). (MG)

64 AD - (The Romans).

66 AD - A group of Jewish rebels, known as Zealots, revolt against Roman rule and the Roman garrison at the mountaintop fortress of Masada is massacred (The Last Days (ST), no date is given on p.60, but the uprising in 66 AD is a matter of historical record). (MG)

70 AD - The Jewish city of Jerusalem falls to the might of the Roman Empire and the last group of Zealots, led by Eleazar ben Jair, withdraw to the citadel of Masada (The Last Days (ST), no date is given on p.65. The fall of Jerusalem in 70 AD is a matter of historical record). (MG)

73 AD - The First Doctor, Ian, Barbara and Susan become witness to the Roman siege of the Jewish citadel at Masada (The Last Days (ST), no date is given, this is a matter of historical record). (II)

73 AD - Having spent decades as a Roman protectorate, just like the rest of Thrace's series of free city-states, Byzantium becomes a Roman province of Bithynia-Pontus (Byzantium!,, the year is given on p.29. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

79 AD (June 23rd) - Titus Vespasianus Augustus succeeds the Roman throne peacefully with the death of Emperor Vespasian. His rule, unexpectedly popular in Rome, will be short (The Fires of Vulcan, no date is given on Disc 1, track 3. Titus's succession to the Roman throne on 23rd June AD79 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

79 AD (Aug 23rd) - The arrival of the Seventh Doctor and Mel in the town of Pompeii, a prosperous trading centre, is witnessed by Tibernus, slave of the priestess Eumachia, and rumours of the arrival of messengers from the goddess Isis begin to circulate. When smoke begins issuing from the top of Mount Vesuvius the Doctor realises they must leave but, returning to the TARDIS, discover it has been buried beneath a collapsing building. Shortly afterwards, while in Valeria Hendone's inn, the Doctor makes an enemy when he unwittingly impugns the honour of gladiator Murranus in a game of dice throwing. Seeking aid in uncovering their time machine from the rubble, the Doctor and Mel travel to the residence of the priestess Eumachia. Their request is denied and Eumachia, wishing to unmask Mel as a false prophet, has the Doctor's companion arrested by legionaries for the theft of her jewels (The Fires of Vulcan, it is 'the twenty-third of August' in the year 'AD 79' on Disc 1, Track 2. Mount Vesuvius will erupt 'midday tomorrow' on Disc 1, Track 3). (MG)

79 AD (Aug 24th) - The Doctor returns to Valeria's inn, only to be drugged and kidnapped by the vengeful Murranus. Several hours later the Time Lord awakens in an arena, where Murranus intends to regain his honour by slaying him in combat. The Doctor is forced into fighting the gladiator just as Vesuvius erupts. Darkness descends, fire falls from the sky and the air becomes thick with hot ash. In the confusion the Doctor is reunited with Mel and they manage to locate the TARDIS, which has been secreted in the necropolis by Eumachia. Waiting for the larva to cool and harden around the TARDIS, leaving a police-box-shaped hole behind it, the Doctor pilots the ship forward in time to the year 1980, where it will materialise inside the larva-mould in time for Professor Scalini to unearth it (The Fires of Vulcan, it is 'almost dawn' on Disc 2, Track 3). (MG)

79 AD (Aug 25th) - The communities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Stabiae and Torre Annunziata are among those destroyed by the violent eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Pompeii, thousands of its residents killed by either falling debris or asphyxiation, is eventually buried under a layer of pumice stones and ash nineteen to twenty-three feet deep. Future excavations will find the preserved remains of around two thousand of the town's inhabitants (The Fires of Vulcan). (MG)

81 AD (Sept 13th) - The sudden death of Roman Emperor Titus at the age of forty-one is supposedly hastened by his successor, Domitian (The Fires of Vulcan, no date is given on Disc 1, track 3. Titus's death on 13th September AD81 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

? 100 - By this time the Doctor, in one of his first eight incarnations, has visited Venice as it is being built by Roman settlers on low-lying islands on the Adriatic (The Stones of Venice, events mentioned on Disc 1, Track 4. The building of Venice in the first century AD by Roman settlers is a matter of historic record). (CW)

330 (May 11th) - The decline of the Roman Empire is complete when Emperor Constantine the Great, having moved his capital to the city of Byzantium, renames it Constantinople in his own honour. Known as the Imperial City, or the Gateway to the East, Byzantium will be the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire until the fifteenth century. As the old Roman Empire falls, the long history of the Byzantine Empire begins (Byzantium!, this takes place some 'two hundred-odd years' later [than AD64] on p.29. In Shadowmind, no date is given on p.32. Byzantium became the capital of the Roman Empire in 324 AD. The renaming of the city on May 11th 330 AD is a matter of historical record). (CW/MG)

? c 514 - The device known as the Recruiter is built by an unnamed alien race, being a learning weapon, to analyse an enemy and decide how to destroy them all with minimal collateral damage. The race the Recruiter is first ordered to destroy is the Ceracai (Toy Soldiers, events mentioned on p.206, no date given). (CW)

? c 514 - An enemy plasma bolt destroys the feedback circuits on the Recruiter, preventing access to its repair circuits, leaving it shrouded and too far from the nearest allied base to signal for help (Toy Soldiers, events mentioned on p.206). (CW)

? c 514 - The Recruiter finds itself stranded on the planet Q'ell, a planet half a galaxy away from the Ceracai Dominions. In an attempt to generate the necessary technological advances required for its escape, the Recruiter uses the resources it has to support and then engineer a war originally being fought by the inhabitants. The victory condition, which will be supervised by the Q'ell, is the destruction of one side by the weapon that will be responsible for the departure of the Recruiter from the planet (Toy Soldiers, events mentioned on p.195, [in 1919] the war has been on for '1400' years', on p.208, [in 1919] the war has been going for '1405 years local', on p.206-207). The Q'ell, like all others forced to serve, will believe they will be able to return to their families once the war is over (Toy Soldiers, events mentioned on p.205). (CW)

? c 514 - The Recruiter begins using its matter transporter to supply reinforcements, but its co-ordinate search device is broken and restricted to the directions given by the limited psionic powers of the Q'ell. These direct it to people at a similar level of technology, but discovers they are of limited use (Toy Soldiers, events mentioned on p.205). The Recruiter will eventually use humans, Ogrons, Biune, Kreetas and Ajeesks in its war (Toy Soldiers, named on numerous pages). (CW)

c 586 - The last case of a sentient machine suffering a catastrophic failure due to an internal cause is recorded in the Worldsphere of the People (The Also People, this takes place 'over two thousand years' earlier [than c2586] on p.82). (MG)

c 600 - A spacecraft belonging to the Mtongl, undisputed masters of the Hodge Cluster, crash-lands on the planet Wyzyn. The native Zulawy people will incorporate the likeness of the Mtongl into their art, as well as legends about the heroic Legyozhet battling the 'monster' that fell from the stars (The Monster and the Archaeologists (TDMD), this takes place 'twenty centuries' earlier [than 2600] on p.87). (MG)

641 - The Great Library of Alexandria is burnt to the ground during the Christian sacking of the city (The Book of Shadows (D), the year is given on p.164). (MG)

c 730 - The Kithab Al Azif (the unholy masterpiece later known as the Necronomicon) is written by Abdul Al-Hazred, a mad poet of Sanaa, in Damascus (The Banquo Legacy, the year is given on p.88). (MG)

731 - Monastic scholar Saint Bede the Venerable completes his Ecclesiastical History of the English People at the monastery of Wearmouth and Jarrow in Northumbria (All-Consuming Fire, the year is given on p.68). (MG)

733 - The Fourth Doctor defeats the Tzun Confederacy at Mimosa II during an unrecorded adventure. The Stormblade Ksorn, along with Councillor R'Kyth, is lost during the abortive Tzun colonisation attempt (First Frontier, this takes place 'twelve hundred and twenty-four Terran years' earlier [than 1957] on p.123. This Doctor is described as 'bohemian' on p.241). (MG)

? 792 - The Doctor may have spent some time in Japan around this time, where he learns a dialect that will eventually be accepted as the formal tongue of the royal family (Transit, no date is given other than the 'eighth century' on p.91. Arbitrarily dated to twelve hundred years earlier than publication). (MG)

793 - Bernice Summerfield travels back in time to the cosmopolitan city of Baghdad after hearing rumours of the appearance of electric cells long before they should have been invented. Bernice is thrown in the dungeons of Caliph Harun al-Raschid for using the forbidden sciences, where she finds herself in the company of a brass man, an unwanted gift to the Caliph from a foreign envoy, and learns why so many inventions have been banned. Bernice is eventually released by the Vizier who believes her to be a ghul, a terrible and powerful demon (The Judgement of Solomon (D5), it is the year '177 of the Mohammedan calendar' on p.120. It is the 'eighth century' on p.114). (MG)

c 887 - A repository for banned texts called the Library of Saint John the Beheaded, possibly deriving from the Venetian Church of S. Giovanni Decollato, is set up in Holburn, London. Over the next thousand years the Library will acquire many documents, including an unexpurgated Malleus Maleficarum, the only complete transcript of Galileo Galilei's trial, the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, and books concerning the Chinese Si Fan society and its leader Doctor Fu Manchu. Many lost plays, including Aristophanes's The Banqueters and Shakespeare's Love's Labours Wonne, will also end up in the Library (All-Consuming Fire, this takes place a 'thousand years' earlier [than 1887] on p.15). (MG)

c 900 - (Invasion of the Cat-People).

950 - The Kithab Al Azif, having gained a considerable circulation amongst philosophers, is secretly translated into Greek by Theodorus Philetus of Constantinople under the title Necronomicon (The Banquo Legacy, the year is given on p.88). (MG)

959 - Queen Gudit overthrows the Solomaic dynasty and burns many churches in Tigray and other regions of Ethiopia. Fearing that the Ark of the Covenant will be captured, the Abbot of the Church of Kirkos takes it from island, entrusting it into the care of the Church of St Mary of Zion in the city of Axum (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.180. Events mentioned on p.181). (MG)

c 990 - Hugh Capet, the first King of France, leaves Grammont Abbey in ruins when he learns the local monks are performing cabbalistic rites (The Plotters, no date is given, but Hugh Capet reigned 987 - 996 AD , events mentioned on p.226). (MG)

? 992 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip to the Nigerian town of Ife, becomes worshipped as Shango, the lightning god, due to the involvement of static electricity (Transit, this takes place 'during the tenth century' on p.204. Arbitrarily dated to one thousand years prior to publication). (MG)

c 1000 - The Canavitchi arrive on Earth searching for traces of their sworn enemies the Jex (The King of Terror, this takes place 'nearly a thousand years' earlier [than 1999] on p.178). (MG)

1017 - Under the reign of Prince Yaroslav the Wise, construction begins on the Cathedral of St Sophia in the Russian city of Kiev. Sometime shortly afterwards the capsule of an alien 'bunker soldier', drifting through the cosmos for millennia, crashes nearby. Hailed as a dark angel, protector of Kiev, the 'bunker soldier' is interred in the Cathedral's catacombs (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given, but this takes place 'while the cathedral was being built' on p.72. Events mentioned on p.5-7/225-278/222. The construction of the cathedral between 1017-1037 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

c 1040 - Out on a far flung world the war of the 'bunker soldiers' finally comes to an end after a period spanning many centuries (Bunker Soldiers, this takes place 'centuries ago' [in 1240] on p.246). (MG)

1050 - After a century of misuse, the Necronomicon is suppressed and all copies of the book are believed to be burnt by the patriarch Michael (The Banquo Legacy, the year is given on p.88). (MG)

? 1056 (Summer) - The Doctor, in an unrecorded adventure, meets King Tenkamenin of Ghana (Aoukar) at Kumbi Selah, who offers him kola nuts and a place to sleep in the Royal Compound. They end up staying awake all night speaking of philosophy and the old gods (Transit, no date is given, but it is 'summer' on p.66. Tenkamenin ruled 1037-1075. Arbitrarily placed midway through his reign). (MG)

1066 (late Summer) - (The Time Meddler).

1066 - With the influx of Normans into England after the victory of William the Conqueror comes and ancestor of Matthew Siolfor, a man called S'Argent (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.200). (CW)

1086 - The Domesday Book holds unreliable and incomplete records of a chapel at Abbots Siolfor (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.37, no date is given. The writing of the Domesday Book in 1086 is a matter of historic record). (CW)

1089 - William Rufus ascends the throne of England. Joanna Harris is born (Vampire Science). (MG/II)

? 1095 - The Seventh Doctor, Ace and Bernice make an unrecorded trip to an Angle settlement during an attack by Viking berserkers (Sky Pirates!, no date is given on p.222-3. Arbitrarily dated to nine hundred years prior to publication). (MG)

? 1100 - The Argians begin a millennium of slow decline, during which they will manage to destroy not only their entire civilisation, but also practically everything their empire achieved (The Gods of the Underworld, no date is given, but the Argians are still attacking the planet Venedel c2100, so this is assumed to take place 'over a millennium' earlier than that, on p.4). (MG)

c 1118 - The Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, also called the Knights Templar, are founded when Hugh de Payen and eight other knights present themselves to the Patriarch of Jerusalem. The Order originally has a purely military function for the defence of the Holy Land - keeping the roads and highways safe, with a special regard for the protection of pilgrims. The knights take vows of personal poverty and chastity and are granted the right to wear the double-barred Cross of Lorraine as their insignia (Sanctuary, no date is given on p.52. The Knights Templar are believed to have been formed around 1118, although the main source used by historians for this are documents written some seventy years after the event). The alien Canavitchi will claim responsibility for the founding of the Knights Templar (The King of Terror, no date is given on p.178). (MG)

1128 - The Order of the Poor Knights of Christ and the Temple of Solomon is finally recognised at the Council of Troyes and confirmed by Pope Honorious III (Sanctuary, no date is given on p.52. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1133 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, witnesses the completion of Durham Cathedral (Nightshade, no date is given on p.34. The completion of the cathedral in 1133 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1145 - The story of legendary Christian ruler of the East, Prester John, is first recorded by Bishop Otto of Freising of Germany, in his Chronicon. Prester John will become popularised in medieval chronicles and traditions as a hoped-for ally against the Muslims (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given on p.24. The printing of the Chronicon in 1145 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1156 - Marsham Castle is built in Yorkshire by French nobleman Sir Brian de Fillis. The castle is eventually reputed to be haunted after Sir Brian goes mad, believing his wife has returned from the grave to haunt him. The castle will remain deserted until its destruction in 1644 (Nightshade, the year is given on p.66). (MG)

1167 - Temujin, who will become known far and wide in the early thirteenth century as Genghis Khan, is born into the Yakka Mongols, an insignificant clan on the steppes of Mongolia (Bunker Soldiers, the year is given on p.19). (MG)

1168 - Tradition has it that the Aztecs leave Aztlan, north of the Valley of Mexico. They will spend a century and a half as nomads, following the idol of Huizilopochtli (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events on p.66). (CW)

c 1171 - One of the Ministers of Grace travels back in time from a point near the end of the Universe on the trail of the Thought Core, a device vital to the operation of a vessel created by the tyrannical Alchemaitres. The Minister lives among the Apache under the name Cloud Buffalo while she watches over the Thought Core, which is buried on Mount San Francisco, Arizona (The Duke of Dominoes (D), no date is given, but this takes place 'close on seven hundred years' earlier [than 1871] on p.63). (MG)

1179 - The Timelash deposits the Borad near Tulloch Moor, Scotland (Timelash). As the vanquished tyrant emerges from the time corridor he is examined by Celestis Investigators One and Two, searching for a clue as to Mictlan's mysterious erosion, before his corpse is callously discarded (The Taking of Planet 5, no date given, but events mentioned on p.83-4). (MG/II)

? c 1180 - The wandering Aztecs find the ruptured fuel pod from an Exxilon spacecraft, containing a tube of plutonium when they shelter in a cave. At this time the force field keeping the lethal levels of radiation is still charged. They also come across the artefact known as the Xiuhcoatl, shaped like a snake, which will be kept safe by generations of Huitzilin's family - it is actually an Exxilon weapon capable of anything from writing one's name on a tree to turning a puddle into a nuclear bomb. At the same time as the Aztecs come across the Xiulicoatl, the batteries in the fuel pod begin to run down, and the radiation starts affecting Huitzilin's ancestors' genes, causing them to become psychic (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events on p.79-80, p.172, p.188, p.237). (CW)

1180 - Thirteen-year-old Temujin becomes the leader of the Yakka Mongols with the death of his father by poisoning. Although two-thirds of the tribe promptly desert him, Temujin will begin a long-term campaign to unify and organise the scattered Mongol and other nomadic tribes of the steppes into a superior fighting force (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given). (MG)

1190 (June 10th) - Stefan, soldiering in the Third Crusade against the Turks, wagers the lives of a Greek family in a game of dice against the Celestial Toymaker in Constantinople (The Nightmare Fair, this takes place 'eight hundred years' earlier [than 1988] on p.123). Stefan becomes the Toymaker's first and most loyal assistant after losing a bet that his master, Emperor King Frederick I of Germany (also known as Barbarossa because of his red beard) can swim from one side of the Bosporus to the other. Unfortunately Barbarossa drowns, costing the German army the Third Crusade and Stefan his freedom (Divided Loyalties, the year is given on p.13, Barbarossa drowns on June 10th). (MG/JE)

c 1190 - (The Crusade).

1200 - By this time Norton Silver's family have had an interest in alchemy (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.37, it is 'the twelfth century'). (CW)

1202 - Temujin's campaign to unify the Mongol tribes gathers pace and he defeats the Tartars and the Tayichiud in quick succession. The next few years will see Temujin wage war upon the Kereyid tribe as well as defeat a conspiracy of several other influential noblemen headed by the Khan of the Naiman tribe (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given on p.164). (MG)

1206 - By this time Temujin has subordinated all the other Mongol Khanates to him. Summoning the Khuraltai, the parliament of all Mongol States, Temujin proclaims that all people of Mongol origin are now unified. He is elevated to the rank of Khagan, acceding to the throne of the unified Mongol State, and gains the title 'Genghis Khan' (Emperor of All Men) (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given). (MG)

1208 - Pope Innocent III proclaims the Albigensian Crusade against the heretical Cathare sect when a papal legate is murdered by a knight thought to be in the employ of Count Raymond VI Toulouse, one of the most powerful Albigensian nobles in southern France. This Crusade is the Catholic Church's response to the rapid growth of Albegensianism, a rival Christian religion. The sect's crime is a heretical interpretation of religion - leading an ascetic lifestyle, associating the spiritual and intangible with the 'good' and equating material possessions and tangible belongings with 'evil' (Sanctuary, no date is given, but this is a matter of historical fact). (MG)

1209 - A large crusading army is assembled, its first target the town of Bčziers in Southern France. The mass slaughter at Bčziers ends only when the fire eventually drives the Crusaders out (Sanctuary, the year is given on p.87). (MG)

1209 - St Francis of Assisi and eleven of his followers journey to Rome, where he receives approval of his rule from Pope Innocent III. Under this rule members of the Franciscan religious order can own no possessions of any kind, either individually or communally and the friars have to support themselves by working and begging for food. Wandering and preaching among the people, at first in Umbria and then the rest of Italy and abroad, the Franciscan order will number five thousand within ten years (Asylum, no date is given. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1210 - Genghis Khan's campaign to conquer the Chin Empire begins with an attack on the state of Xi Xia on the northwestern border. Within five years the Mongols will overrun all of northern China, including the capital at Ta-tu (Beijing) (Bunker Soldiers, this takes place 'some thirty years' earlier [than 1240] on p.167. Events mentioned on p.169. Genghis Khan's campaign against Northern China between 1210-1214 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1215 - Dominic Guzman, a Spanish priest from the diocese of Osma, founds an order of preachers who are to live in poverty, and devote themselves to, among other things, combating false doctrine by logical argument rather than by the use of force. Guzman's order (officially known as the Order of Preachers and informally known as the Dominicans or the Blackfriars) is authorised by the Pope while on a visit to Rome. It will become one of the four great mendicant orders of the Roman Catholic Church. In later years the Order will forget its commitment to logic and persuasion as the means of bringing men to Christian truth, and many of its members will become active in the medieval Inquisition (Sanctuary, no date is given on p.154. In Asylum, no date is given. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1215 - French nobleman Simon de Montfort loans Sir Gilles Estram, one of his most trusted knights, to King John of England. Unknown to the English ruler, Sir Gilles Estram is actually working as a spy for his fellow countrymen (Sanctuary, no date is given on p.94). At some point Estram is killed and his place taken by the Master (The King's Demons). (MG)

1215 - (The King's Demons).

? 1215 - Matthew Siolfor, ancestor of Norton Silver, organises a group of like-minded and learned locals who will meet regularly to perform the Art (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.37, it is the 'early thirteenth century'). (CW)

c 1220 - Roger Bacon, the Franciscan philosopher and major medieval proponent of experimental science, is born into a wealthy English family. His byname, Doctor Mirabilis, is Latin for 'Wonderful Teacher' (Asylum, he is said to be 'sixty years' old [in 1278] on p.103. The date is given as 'about 1220' on p.240). (MG)

1225 - The Dominican brotherhood arrives in Oxford for the first time (Asylum, the year is given on p.245). (MG)

? c 1226 - An idealistic young Templar Knight named Guy de Carnac battles the Saracen under the command of King Louis. While stationed in Jaffa he learns of his sister Iolande's rape at the hands of a fellow knight, Godfroi. Abandoning his command of the Palace Watch, de Carnac pursues his enemy across half of the Holy Land, finally reaching Godfroi's camp just outside Es Sair on the eastern bank of the Jordan. He finds his sister's tormentor already dead, his encampment butchered by a huge Mohammedan force. When de Carnac returns to his post he is stripped of his rank and cast out of the Order (Sanctuary, this is said to be 'a few years' earlier [than 1242] on p.38, events mentioned on p.221-2. King Louis VIII's death in November 1266 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1227 (Aug 18th) - Genghis Khan dies during the siege of Hsingchungfu, China, preceded in death by his eldest son Juchi, whose lands in the west will be inherited by his son Batu. Genghis's main wish when he dies is to see his Mongol Empire finally and completely conquer China, and leaves a strategic plan showing his successor how to do so (Bunker Soldiers, this takes place 'a decade or more' earlier [than 1240] on p.19. The death of Genghis Khan on 18th August 1227 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1228 - The first written record of the Legend of the Wandering Jew appears in The Chronicles of St Albans, telling of how Kartophilos, in the service of Pontius Pilate, struck Jesus as he led him forth to the Crucifixion (Matrix, this is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1229 - Genghis Khan is eventually succeeded as ruler of the Mongol Empire by Ogedei, who immediately sets out on an offensive against the Chin Empire. It will take only five years for the great Mongol armies to conquer the northern part of the Chin Empire (Bunker Soldiers, the Mongol campaign against northern China between 1229-1234 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1233 - Pope Gregory IX establishes the medieval Inquisition, the Roman Catholic Church's tribunal for the investigation of heresy. This system of investigation, to halt the spread of Albigensianism, is placed in the hands of the Dominicans (Sanctuary, no date is given. The formation of the Inquisition in 1233 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

c 1236 - Batu Khan, grandson of Genghis, is elected commander in chief of the western part of the Mongol Empire and is given responsibility for the invasion of Europe and his armies begin a series of campaigns in Russia and Eastern Europe (Bunker Soldiers, no date for the invasion of Russia is given on p.45). (MG)

c 1238 - Wandering mercenary Guy de Carnac encounters a smith named Wayland in Damascus who claims to know the secret of forging magical weapons handed down from the days before the sinking of Atlantis. De Carnac bids the smith forge a longsword for him, a weapon that is around four hundred years ahead of its time. At some point de Carnac visits the city of Alexandria and witnesses a fakir returning dead rats to life by using a large clay jar filled with vinegar and pierced with rods of copper and iron (Sanctuary, de Carnac's trip to Damascus takes place 'perhaps four years' earlier [than 1242] on p.107. Events mentioned on p.105). (MG)

c 1239 - Olexander, a former monk in the Church of God, is approached by Yevhen, one of the advisers of Kiev, to translate a manuscript detailing the story of the city's heavenly guardian. Once the information is imparted, Yevhen denounces the ex-monk as a dangerous heretic to the ecclesiastical authorities and Olexander finds himself imprisoned by Bishop Vasil (Bunker Soldiers, this may have taken 'over a year' earlier [than 1240] on p.71/79). (MG)

c 1240 - The Russian settlements of Chernigov and Pereislav fall in quick succession to the Mongol Empire (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given on p.9/25). (MG)

1240 - Adviser Yevhen obtains a faded map of the Cathedral of St Sophia from a stonemason who claims that one of his ancestors worked on the building of the cathedral (Bunker Soldiers, this takes place 'some months' earlier [than autumn 1240] on p.29). (MG)

c 1240 - Roger Bacon takes an MA at Oxford before going to Paris, where he will lecture at the university (Asylum, this takes place 'in about 1240' on p.240). (MG)

1240 (? Late Summer) - The First Doctor, Steven and Dodo arrive in the fortified Russian city of Kiev. Unfortunately, the arrival of the TARDIS is witnessed, and the time travellers are invited to stay at the residence of Governor Dmitri, who seizes their ship to prevent their escape (Bunker Soldiers, the year is given on p.16. This takes place 'many weeks' earlier [than autumn] on p.19, and 'months' earlier, on p.245). (MG)

1240 (? Late Summer) - Dmitri, believing the Doctor has the ability to spirit the citizens of Kiev away before the advancing Mongol armies besieges the city, asks the time traveller for help. The Doctor, knowing the fate of Kiev's inhabitants, refuses rather than interfere with established history (Bunker Soldiers, the year is given on p.16. This takes place 'many weeks' earlier [than autumn] on p.19, and 'months' earlier, on p.245. The Doctor arrived 'the previous day' on p.9). (MG)

1240 (Autumn) - Yevhen locates the city's 'dark angel' after searching the cathedral's catacombs and awakens the creature from its slumber. Steven finds himself imprisoned as a scapegoat for the death of the builder Taras, who has been killed by the creature. The Doctor asks Dmitri's permission to ride out to the approaching Mongol hordes to beg for the lives of the people of Kiev. The Doctor's wish is granted and he sets out with an escort of Russian soldiers (Bunker Soldiers, it is 'autumn' on p.178/206). (MG)

1240 (Autumn) - The Doctor's party rides into a Mongol ambush in which the Russian soldiers are slaughtered without a second thought. Realising the Doctor is not Russian, the Mongols take him for an audience with their leader, Mongke Khan. That evening the Mongol armies are sighted within reach of Kiev's walls (Bunker Soldiers, it is 'morning' on p.125). (MG)

1240 (Autumn) - Mongke Khan is outraged when a Mongol emissary is killed by Governor Dmitri, and vows to show no mercy to the citizens of Kiev who, since the awakening of their dark angel, are dying from a mysterious plague. The Mongols lay siege to the city defences and finally gain entry. While the battle rages on, the Doctor and his companions hunt for the dark angel within the cathedral's catacombs and, realising it is the product of alien technology, the time traveller manages to shut it down before it can continue its objective to kill the citizens of Kiev (Bunker Soldiers, it is 'daybreak' on p.189). (MG)

1241 (early April) - The Mongols attack Hungary and Poland in the largest invasion Europe has ever seen. The forces of Duke Henry of Silesia are defeated just two days before the Hungarians fall at the battle of Wahlstadt. When Ogedei dies in the midst of this campaign, Batu is forced to withdraw his army from Europe to participate in the choice of Ogedei's successor (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given on p.16, but it is sometime after the First Doctor's visit in 1240. The Mongol victories on 9th April and 11th April 1241 are a matter of historical record). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 6th) - Chretien d'Alsace, a candidate for the papacy, is assassinated in a trap engineered by his rival, the Spanish Inquisitor Francisco Guzman, and his co-conspirator Louis de Citeaux, a French nobleman. The entire village is slaughtered by de Citeaux's men to make it look as though the heretical Cathares are responsible for the slaughter (Sanctuary, the year is given on p.88. 'Winter' is 'encroaching' on p.4). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 7th) - The Seventh Doctor and Bernice arrive in Southern France after making an emergency exit from the TARDIS in the Jade Pagoda. The pair are quickly separated, the Doctor passing himself off as an emissary of Alexander II to Louis de Citeaux, while Bernice, accused of heresy, flees, meeting wandering mercenary Guy de Carnac. Bernice and her unlikely companion join a Templar-led refugee convoy on its trip to safety at the Roc, stronghold of the Cathares (Sanctuary, it is 'morning' on p.72). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 9th) - The Doctor accompanies de Citeaux on the daylong journey to a garrison at the Hôtel de Ville, situated near to the foot of the Roc. In the heretics' sanctuary, de Carnac is charged with the task of preparing the defenders for the next Church assault (Sanctuary, it is 'morning' on p.126, 'less than a week' before 'the fourteenth' o f the month on p.106. It is expected to take Bernice 'two or three days' to reach Béziers, on p.80). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 10th) - A meeting between Parfait Girard and de Citeaux takes place at dawn to sign a truce. The Doctor is forced to witness the torture of a heretic at the hands of Inquisitor Guzman, but manages to rescue the man, engineering his escape from the Hôtel de Ville. Later that night, Bernice and de Carnac see Girard treating a skull with reverence during a mysterious ceremony (Sanctuary, the Doctor arrives 'the previous night' on p.145). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 11th) - Learning of the Doctor's presence in de Citeaux's encampment, de Carnac and Bernice embark upon a rescue mission but with the Doctor's escape successful, De Citeaux believes the delicate truce to be broken by the heretics. Later that night, the Doctor learns that Girard has been found murdered, stabbed through the heart (Sanctuary, it is 'early in the morning' on p.158). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 12th) - The Doctor begins his investigation into the murder, using a primitive form of fingerprinting to try to track down the killer. He also learns of the existence of the mysterious skull needed for the Cathares' New Year ceremony. Later, the Roc's Castellan is found hanging by the neck and the Doctor suspects foul play. While investigating, the Doctor learns of a secret collection in the Library, housing the crown of Arthur Pendragon, and the only hand-written copy of the Greek Odyssey. Later that night, the TARDIS arrives, solidifying around the Jade Pagoda (Sanctuary, Girard was murdered 'last night' on p.200). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 13th) - Bernice and Guy are caught in a Church ambush while on an expedition outside the Roc, but manage to evade the enemy when de Carnac slays de Montfort. The Doctor, having spent the entire day lurking in secret passageways, unmasks the murderer as Parfait Jeanne, who intends to sell the skull for profit. The Doctor reveals that the skull is believed to be that of Jesus Christ, but is in fact female. Guzman, believing de Citeaux to be league with the heretics, has him assassinated (Sanctuary, it is 'morning' on p.233. It will be 'New Year' tonight, on p.250. The Cathares celebrate New Year on 'the fourteenth' on p.201). (MG)

1242 (? Dec 14th) - Having conducted their New Year ceremony, the Parfaits surrender to the Church. Before dawn, the Doctor and Bernice depart the Roc alongside convoys of Templar-led refugees and, shortly after, Guzman orders the Parfaits to be put to the sword and the Roc set ablaze. The skull ends up in the possession of the Knights Templar while the Doctor and Bernice return to the TARDIS, managing to escape a Church ambush with the aid of Guy de Carnac (Sanctuary, it is 'morning' on p.270). (MG)

1244 (March 16th) - The fortress of Montségur, the last refuge of the Albigensians, eventually falls to the Roman Catholic Church. In all, two hundred and twenty men and women perish in a blazing pyre when they fail to renounce their faith to the Holy Inquisitor (Sanctuary, no date is given on p.178. The fall of Montsegur on 16th March 1244 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1245 - By this time the Jews in England have been pauperised by King Edward Plantagenet's taxes and, as they are no further use to him as a source of funds, Edward makes a law - the Statute of Jewry - that forbids them lending money or to engage in trade. As a result, Jews cannot become traders and craftsmen and have no capital to buy tools (Asylum, this takes place 'by 1275' on p.247). (MG)

1245 - The Dominicans begin work on building a vast friary just outside the south walls of Oxford (Asylum, the year is given on p.245). (MG)

c 1247 - Roger Bacon returns from Paris to teach and study in Oxford. In the next ten years he will spend a vast fortune on books, instruments and employing assistants. It is probably during this time that Bacon has his observatory built on one of the small islets in the Thames (Asylum, this takes place 'in about 1247' on p.240. The construction of the observatory takes place 'many years' earlier [than 1278] on p.94). (MG)

? 1250 - When Huitzilin is born he is a mutant, with feather-like growths, a shrivelled foot, and an extended life span. He will grow to become one of the most powerful psychics ever to have existed on Earth (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events on p.188, Huitzilin's family has owned the Xiuhcoatl 'for as many years as they have had sorcerous blood' on p.172. Arbitrarily dated). (CW)

c 1251 - Mongke, cousin of Batu Khan, becomes Great Khan of the Mongol Empire (Bunker Soldiers, the Doctor believes Mongke will become Khan in '1250, 1251, something like that', on p.19). (MG)

c 1256 - Thomas, a brother in the Franciscan religious order and pupil of Roger Bacon, is born (Asylum, he is 'ninety years old' [in 1346] on p.7). (MG)

1257 - Roger Bacon joins the Franciscan religious order after exhausting his store of wealth. Despite the fact that friars are supposed to devote their lives to poverty, prayer and preaching, Bacon continues his work and his writings and even to communicate with the Pope with impunity (Asylum, this takes place 'twenty years' earlier [than 1278] on p.66. The year is given as '1257' on p.240. Events mentioned on p.188). (MG)

1260 - Khubilai, a grandson of Genghis, is proclaimed Khaghan of the Mongol Empire (Bunker Soldiers, no date is given, but this is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1265 - Cardinal Guy de Foulques, the patron of Roger Bacon, becomes Pope Clement IV (Asylum, the year is given on p.241). (MG)

1266 - Brother Roger flagrantly abuses and embarrasses the entire Franciscan order by discussing proposals for teaching the kinds of knowledge that is required to defeat the forces of the Antichrist in correspondence with the Holy Father in Rome (Asylum, the year is given on p.116). (MG)

1268 - The Seventh Doctor makes a home for himself in Ercildoune, Scotland in an unrecorded trip. He employs a crippled young stable hand named Tommy and prescribes potions to help cure his wasting sickness (Birthright, this takes place 'two years' earlier [than 1270] on p.9. Events mentioned on p.178). (MG)

1270 - Ch'tizz, Queen of the Hive Imperial of the Charrl, reaches back through time with the aid of her Chronomancers to make a pact with Tommy the stable boy. The youngster is gifted with unnatural life in return for the acquisition of a strange blue box. Tommy, or Jared Khan as he will come to be known, will search for the TARDIS for the next seven hundred years (Birthright, the year is given on p.9). (MG)

c 1273 - (The Time Warrior).

? 1275 - There is an argument over leadership when the Aztecs are undecided as to whether or not to attack the city of Tula. They split into two factions, one supporting Huitzilin and the other his older sister, Coyolxauhqui. On the day of the battle Huitzilin uses the Xiuhcoatl to vaporise a mile-wide stretch of forest, killing the four hundred people who are hiding there. Due to this event he never needs to use it again, and becomes the leader of the Aztecs. At his postponed point of death he uses his powers to survive by making himself non-corporeal and invading the idol of Huitzilopochtli, and speaks to the elders in dreams, telling them where to go (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events on p.172, p.188, p.237. No date given, arbitrarily dated to when Huitzilin would be twenty-five). (CW)

1275 - Brother Thomas, the young pupil of Franciscan friar Roger Bacon, is taken over by an exiled alien creature that has travelled back through time from 1346 in an effort to create the Elixir of Life for its brethren. Possessed by this 'demon', Thomas convinces Bacon to work on a formula for the elixir. At times, Thomas finds it necessary to speed up Bacon's researches by viciously lashing the frail old man with a whip (Asylum, this takes place 'three years' earlier [than 1278] on p.152. Events mentioned on p.189). (MG)

c 1277 - Brother Alfric, the proctor of Oxford's Franciscan friary, discovers a key during a search of Brother Roger's cell. Drawing a plan of the key, Alfric entrusts Brother Simon, the friary's smith, to forge a copy. Despite having a copy of the key, Alfric resists all temptation to find a lock that it will fit (Asylum, this takes place 'over a year' earlier on p.114). (MG)

c 1278 - Brother Roger of the Franciscan order is imprisoned by Jerome of Ascoli, the minister-general of the order, for unknown reasons. Although it is not clear what Brother Roger's crime is, it is likely that his continuing work and writing has become too much of an embarrassment to the order (Asylum, this takes place in 'about 1278' on p.241). (MG)

1278 (mid July) - Lord Guy de Marenne, one of King Edward Plantagenet's chief lieutenants, receives a knife wound to the shoulder during the campaign in North Wales (Asylum, this takes place 'five weeks' earlier [than late August] on p.81). (MG)

1278 (Aug 26th) - Richard of Hockley, a knight in the service of Lord Guy de Marenne, is dispatched to Oxford after the Welsh are finally quelled (Asylum, this takes place 'three days' earlier [than 29th August] on p.40). (MG)

1278 (Aug 28th) - In Oxford town, Brother Godwin of the Franciscan religious order is murdered by Brother Thomas (Asylum, the year is given on p.53. It is 'summer' on p.159). (MG)

1278 (Aug 29th) - The Fourth Doctor and Nyssa arrive in Oxford on the trail of a space-time anomaly. Another new arrival to the town is the knight Richard of Hockley, placed in the service of Philip of Seaby, chancellor of the university. Richard is sent to arrest the Doctor on charges of vagrancy just as it is revealed that the corpse of Brother Godwin has been discovered in the wine cellar of the Franciscan friary. Travelling to the friary to investigate the death, the Doctor learns that Godwin didn't die in the cellar, but was placed there by his murderer. Elsewhere, Nyssa is escorted to Oxford Castle, the residence of the widowed Lady Matilda, where she spends the night (Asylum, Godwin was murdered 'the previous night' on p.47). (MG)

1278 (Aug 30th) - Hubert, the minister of the Franciscan brotherhood, and Brother Alfric become convinced Godwin has been murdered and plot to implicate Roger Bacon in the killing. The Doctor briefly meets the ailing Brother Roger and learns he has given up on science and experiments, and his pupil, Brother Thomas, confides in the Time Lord that his master continues to work in secret and asks for the Doctor's assistance. That afternoon Bacon gives a heretical lecture on solar eclipses at the Italian schoolroom on Catte Street, which the Doctor attends. Alfric investigates Brother Roger's derelict islet observatory and discovers that scientific equipment has been recently used. Manuscripts concerning the Elixir of Life are confiscated by Alfric and taken to Hubert. Later that night the papers are stolen by Brother Oswald, who is working as an agent for Philip of Seaby. The friars grow concerned when Brother Hubert fails to turn up in the refectory for supper (Asylum, Nyssa arrived at the castle 'the previous night' on p.72). (MG)

1278 (Aug 31st) - The corpse of Brother Hubert is found, ritually circumcised, in the Jewish quarter and Richard of Hockley is sent in to quell a riot when the Hebrews are blamed for his death. Investigating this second murder, the Doctor believes that the Jews are clearly not responsible. That night, the murderer tries to gain entry to Brother Oswald's room to procure the Elixir manuscript, but is unsuccessful (Asylum, it is 'early' in the morning' on p.129). (MG)

1278 (Sept 1st) - The Doctor and Alfric go to Brother Roger's abandoned observatory and the Time Lord is amazed to learn that the proto-scientist is centuries ahead of his time. Bacon's advances, mainly theoretical, include submarines, aircraft, spectacles, telescopes, microscopes, the motions of the planets in the solar system and the theory of gravity. Unfortunately, all these discoveries are lost when Brother Thomas traps the Doctor and Alfric within the observatory and sets it ablaze. The investigators escape and return to the friary to confront Bacon about his work on the Elixir of Life and learn that the old man has been brutally whipped by Thomas. With his suspicions confirmed, the Doctor meets with Philip of Seabry and reveals Thomas to be the murderer everyone is looking for. Deducing that Thomas will be heading for Oxford Castle to regain possession of the manuscript from Philip, the Doctor arrives too late to save Richard, but Nyssa remains unharmed by the murderer (Asylum, it is 'just before dawn' on p.163. Today is 'the feast of St Giles' [celebrated on 1st September] on p.167). (MG)

1278 (Sept 2nd) - Brother Thomas, blaming his actions on the 'demon' in his head, is taken to the hospital of the Augustinian friary to recuperate while awaiting trial. Burning the Elixir manuscript, Brother Roger writes his confessions of wrongdoing and asks for clemency. With the space-time anomaly apparently sorted out, the Fourth Doctor departs, returning Nyssa to the thirty-fifth century (Asylum, Richard was murdered 'yesterday' on p.216). (MG)

1279 - Khubilai Khan finally completes the conquest of China after attacking the Song dynasty in South China (Bunker Soldiers, this is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1287 - In Egypt a group of Templar Knights discovers the Sword of Forever (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.3). (MG)

1289 - (Marco Polo).

1289 - In Khan-balik, Cathay, the young, crippled astrologer of Kublai Khan is angered when he discovers that the TARDIS, so close to being within his grasp, has departed. His planning come to naught, Jared Khan leaves the court of Kublai Khan forever (Birthright, the year is given on p.41). (MG)

1290 - King Edward Plantagenet makes a law banning Jews from England and, having been stripped of their remaining possessions, all Jews are expelled - often in unseaworthy craft (Asylum, the year is given on p.248). (MG)

c 1292 - Roger Bacon dies while writing his Compendium studii theologie, at the age of about seventy-two (Asylum, this takes place 'in about 1292' on p.241). (MG)

? 1298 - A Khamerian cruiser is crippled by a Yogloth Slayer after a chase through half the galaxy (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.1-4, no date given, but it crashes in the 'thirteenth century', again no firmer date given). (CW)

? 1298 - The original members of the secret society at Abbots Siolfor are Thomas Kilner (ancestor of Pete Kellerman), St John Ross (ancestor of Anatoli Roskov), Henry Tannian (ancestor of Henry Tanner and Jean Pierre de Tannerie), William Wyrpe (ancestor of Mrs Allworthy), Tobias Pryce (ancestor of Harry Price), and their leader Matthew Siolfor, ancestor of Norton Silver and Sargent his archivist) (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.89, p.91, it is described as the 'thirteenth century' on both pages). (CW)

? 1298 - At the nocturnal gathering of six alchemists, the Khamerian cruiser crashes into the chapel at Abbots Siolfor. One Khamerian, believed to be the Devil due to the horned appearance of Khamerians, gives what the men believe to be the Philosophers' Stone to the leader. Matthew Siolfor's diary entry is the only record of there ever being a chapel at Abbots Siolfor (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.3-4, the ruins of the old manor house are 'thirteenth century' on p.12, p.76, p.92). (CW)

? 1298 - Siolfor and his followers are infected with a tiny part of the Khamerian mind, leading them to make their society more close-knit, interbreeding while guarding the secret, ensuring the life-forces are strengthened rather than dissipated (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.177). (CW)

? 1298 - The Khamerian cruiser throws up a mental force field over the abbey, creating the formation known as Lord Meacher's Clump, a perpetual arrangement of two trees at the front of a hill, standing slightly taller than the rest, with the others evenly behind, looking exactly the same from all angles… (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.161-162, p.178). (CW)

? 1298 - The families of the original six alchemists will begin spreading out elsewhere, so that by 1998 they will be all over the world (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.89). (CW)

? 1298 - Matthew Siolfor has an engraving made by Crozier (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.74, no date is given). (CW)

c 1300 - Roger Mortimer, one of Edward the First's warlords, starts building Trentyllis Castle in the Welsh Marches (Past Reckoning (D3), this takes place 'in about 1300' on p.102). (MG)

c 1307 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, meets Robert the Bruce, King of the Scots, and imparts the advice 'if at first you don't succeed, try, try again'. In the spring of 1307 Robert the Bruce returns to Scotland and defeats the English at Carrick (Lords of the Storm, no date is given, events mentioned on p.92). (MG)

1307 - Hughes de Chalons, one of the Knights who discovered the Sword is imprisoned and tortured (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.15). (MG)

1314 - Hughes de Chalons is burned at the stake. The Sword is hidden at Castle Arginy (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.22/28/34/55). (MG)

1318 - After being driven away many times from prospective sites for a settlement, the Aztecs are directed by their idol to a small marshy island at Lake Texcoco and begin a settlement, Tenochtitlán. They will rule an empire stretching from shore to shore with a population of fifteen million people for over a century. The Exxilon fuel pod is placed in a cave on the bank of Lake Texcoco. Many people will visit the cave, but will die soon afterwards from massive amounts of radiation poisoning, due to the power of the force field being drained (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.16, p.66, p.80). (CW)

c 1318 - By this time, the Exxilons, having taken their own version of Osiran culture and spread it even further (Return of the Living Dad, this occurs 'thousands of years later' [than c3000 BC] on p.6), have reached Earth and the Inca civilisation, aided by them, reaches its peak (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.81, no date, this is described as happening 'at the same time as the Mexica', on p.81; referring to Death to the Daleks). (CW)

? 1325 - The French philosopher Jean Buriden devises the moral argument 'Buriden's Ass', in which a donkey starves to death when placed equidistant between two equal mangers, unable to decide which to go for (The Eight Doctors, events mentioned on p.172, no date is given. Buriden lived from 1300 to 1358, so at this time he would be aged twenty-five). (CW)

1346 - The siege of the city of Kaffa by a Mongol army serving Janibeg Khan is responsible for the outbreak of the Black Death across Europe. When a dreadful pestilence sweeps through the besieging troops, the commander orders the disease-ridden corpses to be catapulted over the walls of Kaffa to infect its citizens. This act is widely regarded as mankind's first attempt at biological warfare. Unfortunately, Genoese merchants will take the disease to the Mediterranean ports of southern Europe, from where it will spread through Spain, France, Germany and Britain. The ensuing plague, laying waste to a third of the entire continent, will become regarded as the most awful catastrophe of European history (Bunker Soldiers, the year is given on p.219). (MG)

1346 - The damaged module of a group of aliens defeated by the Nargrabine Military Council exits the null dimension and achieves temporal stasis in London, England. With their physical Ikshar hosts dead, the beings are forced to cloak themselves in weak, malnourished human bodies. Building themselves a temple outside the walls of the town, the aliens search Earth's linear future for an answer to their predicament, only to discover that a plague will arrive in the settlement in two years' time. Fearing for their physical bodies, the creatures glance into the past and learn of proto-scientist Roger Bacon who once spoke of a substance called 'elixir'. The exiles decide to send one of their number back through time to be placed inside a host close to Bacon and ensure his work on 'elixir' will be completed, giving them a defence against the coming infection (Asylum, the year is given on p.7. Events mentioned on p.10/15). (MG)

1346 - The aged Brother Thomas, now ninety years old, enters London and seeks out the temple shortly before the 'demon' that possessed him seventy years ago is sent back into the past by its brethren… to possess him. Approaching the current human host of the 'demon', Thomas tries to warn that its attempt to create the elixir be futile, but is swiftly dismissed. Shortly afterwards, the creature is sent on its mission to the year 1275 (Asylum, the year is given on p.7. Events mentioned on p.224-5). (MG)

1348 - The city of Porsim, capital of the reptilian Ismetch culture, is founded on the planet Betrushia (St Anthony's Fire, this takes place 'eight hundred' years earlier [than 2148] on p.11). (MG)

1348 - The Black Death reaches London, England (Asylum, this will take place in 'two planetary sun-orbits' [in 1346] on p.13). (MG)

c 1351 - By the end of the Black Death, Europe's population has fallen dramatically from what it was before it. Because of this, labour is both scarce and precious (Return of the Living Dad, events mentioned on p.16, no date given, historic record). (CW)

1351 - Marianne, the wife of Guillaume de Beaujeu, dies in unknown circumstances (The Sword of Forever, this takes place 'three years' earlier [than 1354] on p.73). (MG)

1354 - (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.73). (MG)

c 1354 - The Canavitchi fake the Turin Shroud, a length of linen purporting to be the burial garment of Jesus Christ, as part of their plan to prevent mankind's climb towards enlightenment. The garment is first brought to humanity's attention by famed knight Geoffroi de Charnay, Seigneur de Lirey (The King of Terror, no date is given on p.178. The Holy Shroud is believed to have emerged historically in 1354. Carbon dating tests have concluded that the Shroud was made sometime between 1260-1390 AD). (MG)

c 1369 - The Phiadoran Clan Matriarchy, an exclusively female oligarchy, begins ruling the Phiadoran Directorate systems. Members of the Matriarchy use a range of methods to suppress political opponents and civil dissenters, including deception, bribery, covert surveillance, kidnapping and bribery. The Matriarchy will eventually be overthrown in 1846, during the Sarmon revolution (Imperial Moon, this takes place in '611,072.26 Galactic Time Index' on p.279). (MG)

c 1387 - A ticket in the name of 'the Doctor' is first issued at the Library of Saint John the Beheaded (All-Consuming Fire, this takes place 'five hundred years' earlier [than 1887] on p.30). (MG)

1388 - The Doctor, on an unrecorded trip, visits Geoffrey Chaucer, author of The Canterbury Tales. When he leaves, Chaucer presents him with a manuscript entitled The Good Doctour of Sciences Tale (Time's Crucible, the manuscript is labelled 'Year of our Lord, 1388' on p.43). (CW)

c 1394 - By this time Zygon civilisation has reached a point where they are the masters of organic crystalography. They have a fleet of organic spacecraft, the largest being completely organic and able to support their own form, while the smallest scouting vessels have crystalline shells, due to their inability to contain themselves (Assumed from the descriptions given of Zygon spacecraft in The Bodysnatchers and Terror of the Zygons). (CW)

c 1394 - Zygor, homeworld of the Zygons, is destroyed by the Xaranti (The Bodysnatchers) in a stellar explosion. The remaining Zygons become nomads, a massive fleet of spacecraft wandering in space (Terror of the Zygons). (MG/CW)

c 1394 - By this time the unnamed homeworld of the arachnid-like Xaranti, located in the Tau Ceti system, has been destroyed in a war with the Zygons. As a result the Xaranti become nomadic, intergalactic scavengers (Deep Blue, no date is given other than 'several centuries' earlier [than c 1974] on p.123). (MG/II)

15th century -The Doctor visited Pesca. The planet was part of a slowly dying solar system (in the Pisces constellation); slowly, the seas boiled away into wilderness (The Pescatons). (JE/II)

c 1400 - The inhabitants of Easter Island begin to build the huge moai statues (Eye of Heaven, no date is given, but the statues are believed to have been erected between 1400-1600). (MG)

1413 - Cartophilius lives for a time in Italy under the name John Buttadaeus, which translates literally as 'John who struck God' (Matrix, no date is given on p.77. Buttadaeus is believed to have been in Italy in 1413 and 1415). (MG)

1415 (Oct 25th) - An unknown incarnation of the Doctor is present at the village of Agincourt when the English, led by King Henry V, win a decisive victory over the French in the Hundred Years' War (The King of Terror, no date is given on p.241. The Battle of Agincourt on 25th October 1415 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1419 - A church is built in the north Yorkshire village of Hawkswick (Casualties of War, the church will celebrate 'its fifth centenary this coming year' [in 1918] on p.68). (II/MG)

c 1450 - The Medieval witch-hunts begin in Europe. Throughout the time these are carried out, it is always considered that if the victim suffers extreme physical pain and/or death, they are innocent (Head Games, events mentioned on p.199, no date is given. The witch-hunts in Europe lasted from c1450 to c1700). (CW)

1453 (May 29th) - The city of Constantinople is captured by Turks and renamed Istanbul, becoming the capital of the Ottoman Empire (Shadowmind p.32, it is the 'fifteenth century'. The capture and renaming of Constantinople on this date is a matter of historic record). (CW)

1454 - At this time there is a drought, and the Aztecs are sacrificing to Tlaloc the rain god, and Huitzilopochtli, who share the Great Temple (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.66, referring to The Aztecs). (CW)

1454 - (The Aztecs, dated in The Left-Handed Hummingbird on p.66). (CW)

c 1460 - Iccauhtli is born to his (unnamed) mother, and to his father Ce Xochitl, a judge (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, Iccauhtli is 'sixteen, perhaps seventeen' [in 1487] on p.49). (CW)

c 1461 - The Wandering Jew travels to the Romanian province of Wallachia, hoping against hope that bloodthirsty voivode Vlad Tepes will end his life for him (Matrix, no date is given on p.221. Vlad Tepes lived around 1431-1476 and earned the name 'Tepes' or 'Impaler' around 1461, committing his most gruesome atrocities between 1456 - 1462). (MG)

c 1472 - The mother of Achtli and Iccauhtli dies in childbirth, taking her baby with her (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.62, no date given but she has been dead for 'fifteen years' [by 1487]). (CW)

c 1478 - The alien Canavitchi, hidden on Earth for almost four centuries, are an influential force in the creation of the Spanish Inquisition (The King of Terror, no date is given on p.178. The Spanish Inquisition lasted between 1478-1834). (MG)

1480 - Johann Faust, the infamous alchemist and magician of Wittenberg, is born in Germany (Managra, the year is given on p.193). (MG)

c 1485 - Ahuitzotl poisons the previous emperor, Tizoc, and departs to begin a two-year campaign to capture sacrifices for the dedicaton of the Great Temple, after becoming the new emperor (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.47, p.237). (CW)

1485 - In England the Wars of the Roses have finished (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.82). (CW)

1485 - Sir Thomas Malory's, Le Morte D'Arthur, the most well known source for Arthurian legend, is edited and first published by William Caxton. Malory's work will, in the far distant future, have mutated into Mort and Arthur on colony world New Jupiter (EarthWorld, no date is given on p.201. The printing of Le Morte D'Arthur in 1485 is a matter of historical record. Malory completed the work during the ninth year of King Edward IV's reign (4th March 1469 - 3rd March 1470)). (MG)

1487 - At this time the Aztecs believe that the world is a flat disc ending at the seas, with fifteen hundred cities conquered or waiting for conquest (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.72). (CW)

1487 - The Seventh Doctor arrives in Tenochtitlán from 1994 with Ace, and the TARDIS takes the shape of a stone statue. The Doctor reveals the colour of his skin in the marketplace for Ace to be able to free Iccauhtli, a slave due to be sacrificed. They then reach the palace allowing Iccauhtli to be freed. Tlacaelel, the historian to Ahuitzohtl, the eighth tlatoani, does not record that he gets down on his knees in front of a woman, a white man and a slave. (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.39, p.43, p.44-46) (CW)

1487 - On the second day, the Doctor and Ace visit the Great Temple. Upon returning, Achtli tries to kill the Doctor to prove he is not a god, and sees Blue. The Great Temple is finished in the afternoon. In the evening the Doctor takes Ace, Achtli and Iccauhtli to a cave supposedly cursed by the gods, but before they get there they are set upon by bandits, and Ace loses a .357 Magnum in Lake Texcoco. In the Great Temple, the essence of Huitzilin begins to dissipate (The Left-Handed Humingbird, events mentioned on p.59, p.67-69, p.77, p.79) (CW)

1487 - On the third day, the Doctor goes inside the cave, where inside is the ruptured fuel pod from an Exxilon spacecraft. Returning to the city, the Doctor, deciding to find the nature of the Blue, takes the mushroom psilocybe mexicana, known as Teonanacatle - 'The Flesh of the Gods'. However as the sacrifices begin he loses complete control and tries to stop them. The Great Temple is dedicated to Huitzipolichtliand in the next four days twenty thousand people will sacrificed. Each of these twenty thousand will have their hearts torn out on the altar at the top of the temple, their blood smeared on the mouths of the statues and their bodies thrown down the steps onto the sacrificial stone at the base. This dedication is attended by nearly every enemy leader in the region, terrifying them and keeping them cowed for years to come. The psychic energy released upon each death is absorbed by Huitzilin in his attempt to gain corporeality. While the Doctor is fighting the drug Ace and Iccauhtli are attacked. Iccauhtli dies after his ribcage is split, and Achtli killed by psychic fallout from the Doctor (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.50-51, p.79, p.89, p.92-94, p.103, p.243, it is 'dawn' on p.83). As the sacrifices reach their peak, Huitzilin, an entity with which Mortimus has sympathy, is stabilised by Artemis the Chronovore instead of being consumed by the energy released (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.202. In No Future, events mentionedon p.167-168). (CW)

1487 - On the fifth day, the Doctor awakens from the Blue. Small amounts of people leave the city due to the carnage that is taking place at the Temple. The Doctor and Ace leave. Thousands upon thousands of sacrifices will be made in the decades to come, though the Aztecs do not have much time left (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, the Doctor has lost 'twenty-four hours' on p.113, and it is the 'third day of the sacrifices', events mentioned on p.13, p.107, p.110). (CW)

1491 - The First Doctor, in an unrecorded adventure, visits Spain during the time of the Inquisition along with his companions Vicki and Steven. During their stay Steven spends some time in hot irons, and the time travellers meet grand inquisitor Tomas de Torquemada (The Empire of Glass, no date is given on p.60) in Toledo. The Doctor's arrival coincides with the appearance of a group of mini-Beelzebubs and an auto-da-fé that doesn't quite work out as Torquemada has planned (Managra, the Doctor meets Torquemada for the first time 'seven years' before his death [in September 1498] on p.56. Events mentioned on p.52. Torquemada was head of the Inquisition from 1483 - 1492). (MG)

c 1492 - (The Masque of Mandragora).

1492 (? Aug) - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, is onboard the Santa Maria during Christopher Columbus's voyage to discover the New World (Eye of Heaven, no date is given on p.41, but the Santa Maria departs from Palos, Spain on August 2nd, and sinks near Hispaniola on December 25th. In The Left-Handed Hummingbird, the year is given on p.82). (CW)

? 1494 - The elemental creature called Agonal feeds off the agony and death created by the burning of heretics during the Spanish Inquisition (Blood Harvest, no date is given on p.218. The Spanish Inquisition lasted between 1478-1834. Arbitrarily dated to five hundred years prior to novel's publication). (MG)

? 1495 (Summer) - The Fifth Doctor and Peri arrive in the remote village of Sair, and it isn't long before Peri finds herself attracted to a young man called Tablibik. The Doctor discovers that the inhabitants of the village have a large collection of books about demonology, among them Apollonius of Tyana's Nuctemeron. Realising that Peri has been bewitched by Tablibik, the Doctor uses the villagers' own demonic forces to release his companion from the young man's influence (Fascination (D), no date is given, but the village is 'fifteenth century' on p.216. Peri is not 'of this time' on p.214). (MG)

1498 - By this time, records at Abbots Siolfor first mention the Philosopher's Stone (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.29, it is 'the fifteenth century'). (CW)

1498 (Sept 16th) - The Doctor meets Tomas de Torquemada a second time during an unrecorded visit to Ávila, Castile, shortly before the inquisitor's death. The personification of Death is said to make a dramatic appearance carrying a scythe during the Doctor's stay (Managra, events mentioned on p.52. Torquemada's death on 16th September 1498 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1499 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, is present when Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama sails into the African harbour of Zanzibar (So Vile a Sin, the year is given on p.234). (MG)

c 1500 - (The Ghosts of N-Space).

? 1500 - The highly advanced inhabitants of the planet Perfecton learn that their sun will, within the next few centuries, turn supernova. Having elected not to pursue the physics of interstellar travel, the Perfectons have no alternative but to preserve their entire culture as a computer matrix, downloaded into a single missile programmed to launch itself at any passing spaceship. If all goes according to plan, the original crew will become Perfectons and the ship will carry the entire race out into the universe, leaving the dying sun to expire (Oh No It Isn't!, no date is given, but it is 'many centuries' earlier [than 2593] on p.203, events mentioned on p.223-4). (MG)

1505 - The Doctor, in one of his first four incarnations, helps renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci complete the Mona Lisa, when the artist suffers from a terrible cold. Not one, but seven paintings are completed. Six of these (including the one which will be displayed in the Louvre, are painted on a canvas that has "This is a fake," written on it in felt tip pen (City of Death. In Doctor Who - The Movie novelisation, events mentioned on p.82. In Dust Breeding, events mentioned on Disc 1, Track 1). (CW/MG)

c 1510 - Chief Xhosa (pronounced Ko-sa) leads his tribe into the Transkei region of Africa (Just War, this takes place 'in the early sixteenth century' on p.150. Arbitrarily dated). (MG)

? 1510 (Winter) - The Wandering Jew, still using the name John Buttadaeus, finds it necessary to move on from Antwerp when his youth is restored to him once more (Matrix, no year is given but it is 'winter' on p.77. John Buttadaeus is believed to have been seen in Antwerp in the thirteenth, fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Construction of Antwerp's Cathedral of Our Lady took place between 1352 and 1521). (MG)

? 1515 - A new manor house is built at Abbots Siolfor, though it will still be added to until the Victorian Era. Gargoyles are a recurring theme (Option Lock, the house is 'part sixteenth century and part later, right up to that Victorian wing' on p.12. It is confirmed as 'early' in this period on p.14. The gargoyles are also mentioned on p.14). (CW)

1518 - Fernando Cortés is given command of an expedition to Mexico. He is given special orders to destroy anything the Roman Catholic Church considers heathen (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.57. The departure of Cortés from Spain is a matter of historic record). (CW)

1519 - The Aztec year One Reed, the year the Aztecs expect the white-skinned god Quetzalcoatl to return from his exile. This coincides with the time that six hundred Spanish conquistadors, under the command of Fernando Cortés land in Mexico. He is first received as a god by the emperor Montezuma II, but is expelled from Tenochititlán when he is found not to be divine (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.13, p.64, and from historical fact). (CW)

1521 - Fernando Cortés returns to Tenochititlán with an army of Indian allies. When he reaches it he levels the city and burns the Great Temple to the ground. The rubble will supposedly be used for the first Christian church in Mexico. Many books are burned especially those on the subject of religion, with Huitzilin's encouragement. Any Aztec gods within those that are translated are labelled 'The Devil'. Many of the looters among his men are weighed down by what they are carrying and drown in the marsh. Cortés will go on to overthrow the Aztec empire, then going further until he has conquered most of Mexico and Northern Central America. Half the population of the Aztec Empire will die in battle, and thousands of the survivors will die from smallpox (The Left-Handed Hummingbird, events mentioned on p.12-13, p.57, p.68, p.212, p.243, and from historical fact). (CW)

? 1522 - The Doctor, in one of his first eight incarnations, visits the court of Ferrara in Italy and is present when Isabella d'Este, aged nineteen, demands that Tiziano Vecellio produce a painting of her (The Stones of Venice, the Doctor visits during the 'sixteenth century', on Disc 1, Track 2. Titian, the artist more properly known as Tiziano Vecellio made the three paintings the Worship of Venus, the Bacchanal and Bacchus and Ariadne in the years 1518 to 1523 for Alfonso d'Este. Arbitrarily dated). (CW)

1530 (Summer) - The Doctor, in his First or Second incarnation, meets Giulio Camillo Delmino, one of the sixteenth century's most famous thinkers, during an unrecorded trip. During this visit the Doctor and the King of France listen as Camillo explains the theoretical workings of his Memory Theatre (Prisoners of the Sun (D), the date is given on p.280). (MG)

? 1535 (Jan) - Occultist Ludwig Prinn pens his infamous De Vermis Mysteriis while awaiting execution (All-Consuming Fire, no date is given other than during the 'sixteenth century' on p.32. Author Howard Phillips Lovecraft first suggested the Latin title for Robert Bloch's fictional The Mysteries of the Worm in a letter dated January 25th 1935. Arbitrarily dated to a century earlier). (MG)

1535 - The Muslim Ahmed Gragn, his forces threatening the complete extinction of Ethiopian Christendom, invades the city of Axum and burns the original Church of St Mary of Zion to the ground (The Sword of Forever, the year is given on p.191). (MG)

1535 - Fray Thomas de Berlanga, bishop of Panama, unwittingly discovers a group of fifteen islands in the Pacific off South America belonging to Ecuador. They are home to a population of giant tortoises (Bloodtide, no date is given on Disc 1, Track 4. The discovery of the islands in 1535 is a matter of historic record). (CW)

c 1535 - The Flemish cartographer Abraham Ortelius names the island group 'Galápagos', after the Spanish word for 'tortoise', when he reads an account of the discovery of the islands. Sailors will soon learn to follow the paths the tortoises make on the island, as they will usually lead to water. It will be noticed also that the tortoises and birds from each island are different in minor ways - the tortoises from Chatham have rounded shells, and those from St James have a rich and sweet flavour (Bloodtide, no date is given on Disc 1, Tracks 3, 6). (CW)

1540 - Johann Faust, magician of Wittenberg, dies. Along with other well-known historical figures Faust will be resurrected as a cloned Reprise in the thirty-first century by the misuse of Gallifreyan technology (Managra, the year is given on p.193). (MG)

c 1547 - The Canavitchi are responsible for many of the prophecies of French astrologer and physician Michael Nostradamus. As a result of the Canavitchi's involvement, Nostradamus will become the most widely read seer of the Renaissance with the publication of his book Centuries in 1555 and an enlarged second edition, dedicated to the French king, in 1558 (The King of Terror, no date is given on p.179. Nostradamus is believed to have started making the first of his prophecies around 1547). (MG)

1549 (Winter) - The Seventh Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, arrives in the Han district of feudal Japan. He is made welcome at a local castle, only to be attacked by the owner, who is revealed to be a jiki-ketsu-gaki - a vampire. The Doctor is buried alive in a snowdrift while escaping her clutches, but is rescued by a passing monk who gives him the name 'Yukidaruma-san' - Mr Snowman. The Doctor spends the next three months recovering from his ordeal at Doa-no-nai-heya monastery (The Room With No Doors, this takes place 'ten years' earlier [than March 1560] during 'winter' on p.31). (MG)

1550 - During Japan's Age of the Warring States two rival warlords, Gufuu Kocho and Umemi, become locked in a decade-long power struggle to seize control of Han, Daini and Sanban districts (The Room With No Doors, this takes place 'ten years' earlier [than 1560] on p.93). (MG)

1550 (Spring) - At the behest of the monks, the Doctor returns to the castle to confront the vampire. He lets her drain his blood until she thinks he is dead and, while she sleeps, the Doctor sets the castle on fire (The Room With No Doors, this takes place 'three months' later [than winter 1549] on p.32. Events mentioned on p.112). (MG/II)

1550 (? Spring) - A group of monks, fearing for the Doctor's safety, are sent to the castle only to find the frozen remains of the vampire. The tale of Yukidaruma-san and Hungry Ghost Castle is thus born (The Room With No Doors, this takes place 'a month later' on p.96). (MG)

1553 (early May) - The First Doctor, Ian and Barbara arrive in Leicester and inadvertently release a Vrij, a disembodied intelligence from the Vortex, upon the countryside. While hunting for the creature the travellers meet Lady Jane Grey and her uncle John Dudley, the Duke of Northumberland. The Doctor is mistaken for Samuel Smythe, a scholar sent from Oxford to tutor the Duke's niece (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), the year is given on p.189, this takes place 'two months' earlier [than 7th July] on p.205). (MG)

1553 (? May 25th) - The Doctor and his companions are present at the wedding of Lady Jane Grey and Guildford Dudley, youngest son of the Duke of Northumberland. The Doctor is dismissed as Jane Grey's tutor and given a small townhouse in Islington for his troubles, now that she has gained the responsibilities of a wife (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), no date is given, but the wedding takes place on either 21st or 25th May - Jane's biographers are divided on the exact date, and both dates have been mentioned). (MG)

1553 (July 6th Thurs) - Young King Edward VI dies at Greenwich, but news of his death is suppressed (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), the year is given on p.189, the King died 'yesterday' on 7th July, on p.205). (MG)

1553 (July 10th Mon) - The Doctor and his companions are present at the Tower of London for the coronation of Lady Jane Grey (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), no date is given on p.207, but the coronation of Jane Grey on July 10th 1553 is a matter of historical record. In The Marian Conspiracy, the Doctor's visit to the Tower is mentioned on Disc 2, Track 7). (MG)

1553 (July 14th Fri) - The Doctor witnesses the Duke of Northumberland's campaign to rally an army in Kentish Town to fight for the young queen. Realising that the Vrij is manipulating the duke and that history could be radically altered as a result, the Doctor lays a trap for the creature. With the Vrij imprisoned once again the Doctor and his companions depart the sixteenth century (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), no date is given other than 'a week' later [than 7th July] on p.215. The date of 14th July for the gathering of Northumberland's forces is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1553 (July 19th Wed) - Jane Grey's reign as Queen of England comes to an abrupt end and Mary is proclaimed monarch in her stead (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), no date is given, but the ending of Jane's rule on July 19th 1553 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1553 (Aug 3rd) - Queen Mary arrives in London and imprisons her enemies in the Tower of London (this is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1553 (Nov 14th) - Jane Grey and her husband Guildford Dudley are tried and convicted of high treason (this is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1554 (Feb 12th) - The First Doctor makes a visit to the Tower of London to witness the execution of Lady Jane Grey (The Nine-Day Queen (D2), no date is given, but Jane Grey's execution on February 12th 1554 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1555 (Jan) - The Sixth Doctor and history lecturer Evelyn Smythe travel back in time to discover how Evelyn's family tree is being erased. While the Doctor spends time at the court of Queen Mary, Evelyn becomes involved in a Protestant plot to place Elizabeth on the throne of England. After spending a brief period in the Tower of London accused of heresy, the time travellers learn that they themselves have caused the time anomaly by introducing painkillers to the sixteenth century and delivering them into the hands of the Reverend Thomas Smith. The pair escape the Tower and narrowly prevent the reverend's wife, Lady Sarah, from poisoning Queen Mary (The Marian Conspiracy, the date is given on Disc 2, Track 7). (MG)

1555 - John Whiteside-Smith, adviser to Queen Elizabeth and ancestor of Dr Evelyn Smyth, is born (The Marian Conspiracy, events mentioned on Disc 2, Track 10). (MG)

c 1555 - Spanish scholars Cieza de Leon and Juan de Betanzos record an ancient Inca myth detailing how Viracocha the Creator banished the fire from the sky by giving it three strokes with his staff. This myth is based, in part, on the existence of the 'burning' sentience (The Burning, no date is given other than 'in the fifteen fifties' on p.207-8). (II/MG)

1558 (Nov 17th Thurs) - Elizabeth Tudor, aged twenty-five, is crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey upon the death of Mary. The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, is present after popping in for an invite shortly after Mary's death (The Marian Conspiracy, this takes place in 'November 1558' on Disc 2, Track 11. In Birthright, events mentioned on p.61). The Time Lord is appalled at the behaviour of Essex at the coronation dinner, during which the noble begins throwing drumsticks around (Cat's Cradle: Witch Mark, events mentioned on p.55. The coronation of Elizabeth on November 17th 1558 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1560 (Feb) - A cryogenic capsule, carrying a psychokinetic Kapteynian slave is somehow jettisoned from a Caxtarid slaver ship and crashes to Earth in feudal Japan. The capsule is immediately seen by the villagers of Hekison as a manifestation of Kannon, the Bodhisattva of compassion. Three days later the home-made time machine of Victorian adventurer Penelope Gate arrives in the vicinity (The Room With No Doors, this takes place 'a month' earlier [than March 1560] on p.28). (MG/II)

1560 (March) - The Seventh Doctor and Chris arrive in the Han district of Japan. The travellers become ensnared in the struggle between two warlords, Guffuu Kocho and Umemi, for possession of the croyogenic capsule. Despite the interference of Penelope Gate and her travelling companion Joel Mintz, the Doctor manages to prevent the capsule from falling into the hands of the warlords and a ruthless Caxtarid slaver (The Room With No Doors, it is 'probably March 1560' on p. 130. It is 'early spring' on p.218). (MG/II)

? 1563 - The Fourth Doctor and Sarah, in an unrecorded trip to Edinburgh, meet Mary Queen of Scots. At some point during this adventure Iris Wildthyme turns up and manages to save the Doctor's life (Verdigris, no date is given on p.41/199, but Mary became Queen in December 1542, less than a year old. After a brief marriage to the Dauphin, Mary returned to Scotland in 1561. Scotland's confederate lords forced her into abdicating in favour of her son, James VI, on July 24th 1567). (MG)

1564 (April) - William Shakespeare, poet, dramatist, actor and considered by many to be the greatest dramatist of all time, is born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (Managra, he is 'forty-nine' [in late June 1613] on p.2. Shakespeare's baptism on 26th April 1564 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1567 - King James VI ascends the throne of Scotland at the age of thirteen months. (MG)

1571 - Pengriffen Manor is built in Cornwall by Sir John Arundel, with a gabled façade that is the earliest of its kind in the country (The Spectre of Lanyon Moor, the year is given on Disc 1, Track 6). (MG/CW)

1572 (late Aug) - (The Massacre).

1578 - William Bourne drafts the first designs for a submersible warship. This event will culminate in the creation of the Trident missile in the late twentieth century (Blood Heat, events mentioned on p.271). (CW)

1582 - The Seventh Doctor and Ace prowl the streets of Rome during their hunt for the elusive Timewyrm, little realising the creature has insinuated itself as pure data within the Doctor's mind. The time travellers will eventually be lured into a trap on the surface of the moon in the year 1992 (Timewyrm: Revelation, the year is given on p.13). (MG)

c 1583 - Queen Elizabeth employs Jared Khan, now using the name John Dee, as her counsellor. Over the next twenty years, Khan will be told of the Doctor's occasional visits to the royal court (Birthright, this takes place 'over twenty years' earlier [than 1603] on p.61). (MG)

c 1586 - Doctor John Dee, astrologer to Queen Elizabeth I, and his assistant Edward Kelley tour the continent with their wives. At some point in their journey King Stephen Báthory, ruler of Poland and blood-relative of Hungarian noblewoman Countess Elizabeth Báthory, welcomes the travellers to his country (Managra no date is given other than 'in the 1580s' on p.139. King Stephen Báthory's death on 12th December 1586 is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1587 - Irving Braxiatel begins preparations for the Armageddon Convention, an arms limitation conference that will eventually take twenty years' hard work to set up. The first 'delegates' to arrive on Earth are from the Greld Confederation, a race of arthropod arms dealers, who base themselves near Roanoake in North America (The Empire of Glass, the year is given on p.136/1). (MG)

1587 (Mar) - Ships set sail from England to the New World in a second attempt to establish a colony at Roanoake, Virginia (The Empire of Glass, this occurs 'three months' before June, on p.2). (MG)

1587 (June) - The ships finally arrive in the New World and work begins on building the colony (The Empire of Glass, the colonists have been here for 'one month', on p.2). (MG)

1587 (July) - The newly established Roanoake colony comes into conflict with the Greld for the first time (The Empire of Glass, the date is given on p.1). (MG)

1588 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded visit to the court of Queen Elizabeth, lets Francis Drake win a game of bowls in time to defeat the Spanish Armada (Birthright, the year is given on p.62). (MG)

1589 - While the rest of Doctor John Dee's retinue returns to England at the end of a long tour of Europe, his assistant Edward Kelley stays behind, making a living as a scryer and alchemist (Managra, the year is given on p.140). (MG)

1589 - (Loups-Garoux).

1590 - Playwright and spy Christopher Marlowe, on Queen Elizabeth's orders, travels to the Roanoke colony to obtain evidence pertaining to Walter Raleigh's allegiance to the throne. During Marlowe's stay in the New World the colony is apparently wiped out by the Greld. On his return to England Marlowe reports his findings to the Queen and her personal astrologer Doctor John Dee (The Empire of Glass, this is 'three years' before Marlowe's purported death, on p.141-2). (MG)

1592 (Aug) - While in London Christopher Marlowe, under the pseudonym of Matt Jobsworthman, sees one of the 'dead' colonists from Roanoake involved in a tragic accident. Although the woman is grievously injured she climbs to her feet and flees the scene (The Empire of Glass, the date is given on p.4, events mentioned on p.142). (MG)

1593 - Accused of writing atheistic and seditious literature, playwright Christopher Marlowe fakes his own death and flees England (The Empire of Glass, Marlowe left England 'sixteen years' before 1609, on p.68, events mentioned on p.139-141). (MG)

c 1594 - Out in space a Zygon fleet is almost destroyed by a Xaranti attack. The survivors crash-land on Earth (The Bodysnatchers, this takes place 'three centuries' earlier [than 1894] on p.155). (MG).

c 1595 - By this time the house called Shadowfell has been built (Falls the Shadow, no date is given other than the 'sixteenth century' on p.34. Arbitrarily dated to four hundred years earlier than main events in the novel). (MG)

1597 - The Doctor, on an unrecorded trip, meets playwright William Shakespeare and suggests The Merry Wives of Windsor needs another revision. Unfortunately, the Queen wants to see it performed as soon as possible and the Doctor's advice goes unheeded (The Ultimate Treasure, events mentioned on p.55). (MG)

c 1598 - The Wandering Jew, now living in Venice, is forced to end his existence as Salathiel ben Sadi when his youth is restored once again. His sudden disappearance will attract the notice of all Europe (Matrix, no date is given on p.185. The Wandering Jew is believed to have disappeared from Venice towards the close of the sixteenth century. Arbitrarily dated to four hundred years earlier than the novel's publication). (MG)

? 1598 - By this time records exist that mention a secret society at Abbots Siolfor (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.76, it is 'the sixteenth century'). (CW)

1599 - The Globe theatre is built by Cuthbert Burbage using timber from London's first playhouse The Theatre (Theatre of War, the year is given on p.257). (MG)

1599 (late) - The First Doctor visits William Shakespeare in an unrecorded trip and collaborates with the playwright between drafts one and two of Hamlet (Byzantium!, no date is given on p.179). It is probably during this visit that the Doctor gives the playwright the line "to exist, or not to exist: that is the question", but the 'ungrateful' Shakespeare will alter it in the finished version (Asylum, events mentioned on p.217. Stratfordian scholars generally agree on a date of late 1599 as the initial composition of Hamlet). (MG)

1599 - By this time the Ancient Order of Saint Peter has been founded in Eastern Europe to deal with supernatural evils, but mostly vampires (Minuet in Hell, this occurs in 'the sixteenth century', on Disc 1, Track 9). (CW)

? 1600 - The Necronomicon may have been translated into Spanish from the original Arabic around this time (The Banquo Legacy, this may have happened 'around AD 1600?' on p.88). (MG)

1600 (March) - Catholic aristocrat Robert Catesby begins preparations for his Gunpowder Plot. He hopes to blow up Parliament, striking out for his oppressed Catholic countrymen (The Plotters, the date is given on p.130). (MG)

c 1600 - A plague, possibly engineered by the Argians, ravages the populace of the planet Venedel, weakening the people to the point of ruin in the pursuit of basic survival over anything else (The Gods of the Underworld, this takes place 'over a thousand years' earlier [than 2600] on p.81). (MG)

c 1600 - On the planet Kasagrad, a small community springs up in the desert surrounding the Tomb of Rablev. Over the centuries the location of the tomb will become lost to history, only being rediscovered around 2200 by a pair of determined archaeologists (The Doomsday Manuscript, this takes place 'a thousand years or so' earlier [than 2600] on p.177). (MG)

1601 - The Fourth Doctor, on an unrecorded trip, visits playwright William Shakespeare and assists in the completion of Hamlet when its author suffers a sprained wrist (The Empire of Glass p.153). (MG)

1603 - The Seventh Doctor visits Queen Elizabeth at Windsor Castle and hides when John Dee, the monarch's young but crippled astrologer, arrives to foretell the future. Dee is tricked into leaving, believing that the Doctor is probably visiting playwright William Shakespeare in Stratford (Birthright, the year is given on p.61). (MG)

1603 (March 24th) - The thrones of England and Scotland are united when King James VI of Scotland is also crowned King James I of England. Within two years the new British monarch has made peace with all of Britain's neighbours, including France, Spain and Holland (The Plotters p.145/93). General William Lethbridge-Stewart is among King James's retinue on his initial arrival in London (The Dying Days, the year is given on p.179). (MG)

1603 - A Catholic plot to kill King James and enthrone his daughter is uncovered by William Shakespeare, and as a result Walter Raleigh is imprisoned in the Tower of London (The Empire of Glass p.251/142). (MG)

1603 - The Adventures of Macbeth's Head is written by obscure English playwright Francis Pearson. This and Pearson's other 'lost masterpieces' will finally be performed in the thirty-third century by Doctor Sperano's wandering Theatre of Transmogrification (Managra, the year is given on p.141). (MG)

1604 - A strange metallic object is discovered when surgery is performed on the 'late' Christopher Marlowe after a violent incident in Holland. Unknown to Marlowe it is part of a Greld device, implanted during his time at the Roanoake colony (The Empire of Glass, this occurs 'some five years' before 1609, on p.128). (MG/II)

1604 (Spring) - The mysterious Bob Hay approaches Sir Robert Cecil, closest adviser to the sovereign, at a gala to celebrate the success of the Anglo-Scottish talks. Hay informs Cecil of Robert Catesby's plot to blow up Parliament (The Plotters, this occurs in 'spring last year, on p.180, events mentioned on p.212). (MG)

c 1604 - Shortly after the death of her husband, Count Ferencz Nasdasdy, the Countess Elizabeth Báthory commences her bloody reign of terror over the villages surrounding her home at Csejthe Castle in Hungary. Believing the blood of virgins can rejuvenate her fading youth and beauty, Báthory instructs her accomplices - the witches Anna Darvulia, Helena Jo and Dorothea Szentes (or Dorka) - to procure girls from the neighbouring villages on the pretext of hiring them as servants. The Countess's victims are taken into the castle's basement, where they are placed in torture devices, including a mechanical woman named Incarnadine, devised by German clockmakers and blacksmiths. The girls' blood is drained into a large vat, in which Báthory bathes while still warm. Over the course of the next few years rumours of vampires inhabiting Csejthe Castle will spread throughout the nearby villages (Managra, events mentioned on p.124. Báthory's infamous blood baths began soon after her husband's death, c1604). (MG)

1605 (Nov 1st Fri) - King James arrives in London for the forthcoming State Opening of Parliament (The Plotters, this is the king's 'first day in London', on p.26). (MG)

1605 (Nov 2nd Sat) - The First Doctor and his companions arrive in London. While the Doctor and Vicki travel to Whitehall Palace to witness the writing of the King James Bible, Ian and Barbara go sightseeing. During a tavern brawl the Catholic plotter Guy Fawkes kidnaps Barbara. The TARDIS is discovered by the Lord Mayor's men and taken to the Guildhall, where a failed attempt to destroy it leads to the conclusion of witchcraft (The Plotters, the year is given on p.23). (MG)

1605 (Nov 3rd Sun) - Guy Fawkes is accidentally killed in an altercation with fellow plotter Robert Catesby, after Barbara convinces Fawkes to let her go free, against the wishes of the ruthless Catesby. The Doctor learns Catesby's plot has been subverted by Bob Hay who, posing as the King's favourite, is actually part of a secret society based at Grammont, Northern France, attempting to bring Everlasting Darkness to the world (The Plotters, the Doctor arrived 'yesterday morning' on p.118). (MG)

1605 (Nov 4th Mon) - King James is summoned to examine the TARDIS - at the mention of witchcraft the monarch decides to let the Doctor perform an exorcism on the box. At the strike of midnight, Sir Robert Cecil 'uncovers' the Gunpowder Plot, and Bob Hay unwittingly takes Guy Fawkes' role in history (The Plotters p.256). (MG)

1609 - The First Doctor, having been involved in the Omega crisis, is invited to chair the Armageddon Convention, an arms limitation conference set up by fellow Time Lord Irving Braxiatel. The TARDIS deposits the Doctor, Vicki and Steven in Venice, where they meet astronomer Galileo Galilei, playwright William Shakespeare and the 'late' Christopher Marlowe. The Greld Confederation's plan to destroy the forthcoming Armageddon Convention with a meta-cobalt bomb is narrowly averted (The Empire of Glass, the year is given on p.30). (MG)

1609 - The Armageddon Convention goes ahead as planned. Among the attendees are delegations from the Ice Warriors, Sontarans and Rutans. The Daleks, like the Cybermen, refuse even to reply to the invitation, killing the messengers instead (The Empire of Glass, the year is given on p.30, events mentioned on p.122/134/242. In Death and Diplomacy, the '1609' diplomatic gathering is [incorrectly?] said to have taken place on 'Luna' on p.18). (MG)

1609 - The First Doctor briefly comes face-to-face with King James' astrologer Doctor John Dee during a fleeting visit to Hampton Court Palace (The Empire of Glass, events mentioned on p.230). (MG)

1610 (March) - The wagons of Francis Pearson's wandering troupe of players are set ablaze by a furious mob after an exceptionally dreadful performance in a Warwickshire village. All thirty plays written by Pearson (with the possible inclusion of such 'classics' as Three Gentlemen of Venice on a Killing Spree, The Man Who Sold His Ears to the Devil, Third Ghastly Tale of the Black Forest and Edward II's Horrible End) go up in smoke during the attack (Managra, the date is given on p.141. Events mentioned on p.140. Pearson's plays are named on p.95/123-4/185/198). (MG)

1610 (Sept) - Alchemist Edward Kelley meets obscure English dramatist Francis Pearson in Prague and together they pay a visit on Countess Báthory. An unknown incarnation of the Doctor is present when Báthory and Kelley summon an unnamed, terrible being with which they make a pact to gain immortality. The summons also attracts the Mimic, a creature that has been banished to the Vortex billions of years ago by Rassilon of Gallifrey. Using its chameleonic properties to copy the unnamed being, the Mimic becomes Managra, a faint reflection, a by-product, of the original. With his scheme to become immortal a failure, Pearson departs - little realising the Managra creature, drawn to a kindred spirit in the dramatist, will track him across the world (Managra, the date is given on p.140. Events mentioned on p.249/266). (MG)

1610 (late Dec) - The horrific rumours surrounding Csejthe Castle and the disappearances of girls of noble birth finally reach King Matthias of Hungary and a band of soldiers under the command of Count Cuyorgy Thurzo, cousin of Elizabeth Báthory, is sent to investigate. The night-time raid uncovers the Countess's atrocities, including the corpses of several girls hanging from the rafters of the basement ceiling, and the noblewoman's accomplices are taken into custody while Báthory herself is placed under house arrest. A further fifty bodies will be exhumed from the castle's basement (Managra, no date is given. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1611 (early) - An unknown incarnation of the Doctor is present at the trial of Countess Elizabeth Báthory in Bitcse, Hungary. During the course of the trial, in which Báthory and her accomplices are charged with vampirism, witchcraft and practising pagan rituals, it is revealed the Countess has slaughtered some three hundred women and bathed in their blood. Her associates are tried and confess to their crimes after lengthy torture sessions, while Báthory herself is sentenced to perpetual imprisonment, walled up alive inside her own castle with only a narrow slit for air and food to be passed through (Managra, the year is given on p.124. The trial, from January-February 1611, is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1612 - Francis Pearson's The Blood Countess of Transylvania, based upon the playwright's meeting with the infamous Countess Elizabeth Báthory, is composed. At least two further plays - The Blood, the Horror, and the Countess and Vampires: The Froth and the Frenzy - will be inspired by Pearson's encounter with Báthory (Managra, the year is given on p.141. Events mentioned on p.11/124). (MG)

1613 (April) - By this time the Doctor has begun to shadow Francis Pearson, who has returned to London after the ritual at Csejthe Castle. Unknown to them both, Pearson has also been followed through a dozen countries by the Managra creature accidentally summoned to Earth by Báthory and Kelley (Managra this takes place 'months' earlier [than 29th June 1613] on p.249). (MG)

1613 (June 29th) - The Doctor is in the vicinity of the Globe Theatre during the first performance of Shakespeare's Henry VIII on the fateful night when envious playwright Francis Pearson burns the building to the ground. Pearson flees the scene, only to be confronted by the Managra creature. Merging itself with the dramatist, the creature transports itself forward in time to the thirty-first century, where it can forge a new world where Pearson's plays can be performed (Managra, the exact date is given on p.1/206. Events mentioned on p.56). (MG)

1614 (Aug 14th) - Elizabeth Báthory, the infamous Blood Countess of Transylvania, is found dead by her jailers at the age of fifty-four (Managra, no date is given. This is a matter of historical record). (MG)

1616 (? Mar) - Walter Raleigh is released from the Tower of London after being incarcerated for thirteen years. He travels to Stratford-upon-Avon under an assumed name and slips poison into William Shakespeare's wine in revenge for his imprisonment (The Empire of Glass, this occurs 'five weeks' before April, on p.251). (MG)

1616 (April) - Irving Braxiatel visits playwright William Shakespeare on his deathbed in Stratford-upon-Avon. Braxiatel is given permission to preserve all of Shakespeare's manuscripts in the Library of St John the Beheaded (The Empire of Glass, the date is given on p.249). (MG)

1691 - In Aix-en-Provence, France, an abbey is burnt to the ground when local villagers suspect the nuns of witchcraft. The Café de Saint Joseph will eventually be built on the ruins of the abbey in the eighteenth century (The Crystal Bucephalus, this takes place 'a hundred years' earlier [than 1791] on p.155). (MG)

1619 - The Mannikin Pis, the famous Brussels statue of a naked boy urinating happily into the air, is first cast (Escape Velocity, the year is given on p.5). (MG)

c 1620 - A window is added to the main entrance to Abbots Siolfor (Option Lock, this is 'about 1620' on p.14). (CW)

1630 - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip, makes a visit to the remote Himalayan monastery of Det-sen. It is during this trip that the Doctor helps ward off Chinese bandits intent on ransacking the monastery and killing the monks. The Doctor is fatally wounded while defending Master Padmasambhava's life but, with a touch, Padmasambhava heals him and teaches the Doctor the ancient healing ways and meditation techniques of the monks. The Doctor is given the holy ghanta for safekeeping and makes a promise to return it some day (The Abominable Snowmen, in Eye of Heaven, no date is given, events mentioned on p.214). (MG)

1638 (Nov) - The Doctor, in an unrecorded trip involving Roundheads and Lady Peinforte, launches the Nemesis statue (the largest fragment of Validium) into space. The statue's orbit will take it close to Earth every 25 years (Silver Nemesis). (CW/II)

1639 - King Charles's decision to force the Anglican Book of Common Prayer book on the Scots sparks open rebellion. Rather than submit, the Scots form an army and invade England. Charles has to turn to Parliament to raise money to defeat the invasion (The Roundheads, no date is given on p.73, but this is an historical fact). (MG)

c 1640 - The Wandering Jew, now using the alias Isaac Laquedem, probably learns the art of clock-making in Paris at around this time (Matrix, no date is given on p.163). (MG)

? 1640 - Matthew Hopkins, witch-finder general, exposes a coven of witches in the village of Devil's End, burning them at the stake (The Eight Doctors, events mentioned on p.86, it is the 'seventeenth century'. Matthew Hopkins died in 1645). (CW)

1642 (Aug 22nd) - The King raises his standard at Nottingham after Parliament tries to seize control of the army by issuing orders for soldiers to report to Parliamentary, rather than royal, representatives. The first of the English Civil Wars begins (The Roundheads, this occurs 'seven years ago' on p.39). (MG)

1642 (Oct 23rd) - The Battle of Edgehill, the first real battle between King and Parliament takes place at Kineton, Warwickshire. It is an inconclusive battle, showing that Parliament is not strong enough to defeat the King, and that Charles is unable to take London. Captain Christopher Whyte is wounded at this battle (The Roundheads, no date is given on p.72, but the Battle of Edgehill is an historical fact). (MG)

1643 - The Malus, a reconnaissance probe from the planet Hakol, arrives in the village of Little Hodcombe during a skirmish between Royalists and Cromwell's Parliamentary forces. The Malus assesses the area and, finding the surrounding life forms to be full of superstition and fear, sends the invasion signal and becomes dormant again (The Hollow Men, the year is given on p.221). (MG)

1644 (July 2nd) - The Battle of Marston Moor takes place in Yorkshire. Parliament wins when Oliver Cromwell leads a cavalry charge that sweeps through the Cavaliers, bringing complete victory for the Roundheads. Among Sir Harry Cooke's defeated Royalist forces is young Arthur Kemp, son of William (The Roundheads, no date is given on p.69/70/142, but the Battle of Marston Moor is an historical fact). (MG)

1644 (July) - The Seventh Doctor and Ace witness the destruction of Marsham Castle when they travel back in time from 1968 to follow the path of the Sentience. The threat to Earth is ended when the Sentience becomes ensnared in the gravitational pull of a black hole (Nightshade, the year is given on p.67. It is 'July' on p.70). (MG)

1645 - The Royal Society, the oldest and foremost scientific society in Britain is founded. Its members will include Christopher Wren and Isaac Newton, as well as the Doctor and Victorian inventor Penelope Gate (The Room With No Doors, it 'won't be founded for another century' [of 1553], on p.44. The founding of the Royal Society in 1645 is historic fact). (CW)

1645 - A Royalist named Edward Hopkins hides overnight inside the fogou on Lanyon Moor to evade the pursuing Parliamentarian forces. In the morning, Hopkins finds the bodies of the Roundhead soldiers scattered around their campfire at Pengriffen's Nab, slain by an unknown aggressor (The Spectre of Lanyon Moor, the year is given on Disc 1, Track 9). (MG)

1646 - Prince Rupert, nephew to the King, is banished by Parliament after his defeat at the port of Bristol (The Roundheads, no date is given on p.248, this is an historical fact). (MG)

1647 - The first member of the Pink family moves to the English village of Marpling, fifty miles from the city of Bath. The family will eventually take up residence in the Grange, a manor house built entirely of Bath stone, and which will eventually acquire the nickname of 'Pink House' (Eater of Wasps, events mentioned on p.25-26). (CW)

1648 (Oct) - The pirate ship Teazer, under Polish Captain Stanislaus, starts making regular trips to France (The Roundheads, this occurs 'two months' before December, on p.148). (MG/II)

1648 (Dec 6th) - The Second Doctor and his companions arrive in London, on the same day General Oliver Cromwell returns from quelling a Scottish rebellion to the north. Ben finds himself pressganged into the crew of the pirate ship Teazer, which is bound for Amsterdam on a mysterious mission, while Polly ends up in the hands of a group of Royalists plotting to free the imprisoned King Charles (The Roundheads, it is '1648, December' on p.40. Cromwell's return to London on December 6th is an historical fact).(MG/II)

1648 (Dec 7th) - The Doctor and Jamie meet Oliver Cromwell. During their meeting the Doctor manages to misplace a book about the Civil Wars, which ends up in the hands of Richard Cromwell. The Teazer arrives in Amsterdam and Captain Stanislaus picks up his 'package'. While in Amsterdam Ben meets Captain Sal Winter of the Demeter, a sworn enemy of Stanislaus (The Roundheads, it is the 'morning' of the next day, on p.71). (MG/II)

1648 (Dec 8th) - Polly unwittingly becomes involved in a plot to free King Charles from Hurst Castle, near the Solent. Believing all the time travellers are part of the conspiracy to free the King, Cromwell has the Doctor, Jamie and Polly thrown into the Tower of London (The Roundheads, it is 'dawn' of the next day on p.128). (MG)

1648 (Dec 9th) - The Doctor is released to help in the search for King Charles, just as the Demeter and the Teazer return to London. The ships become trapped in the muddy banks of the Thames. Richard Cromwell returns the Doctor's Civil Wars book to its rightful owner (The Roundheads, it is 'dawn' of the next day on p.196). (MG/II)

1648 (Dec 10th) - The Doctor and Ben arrive in the House of Commons in time to stop Cromwell from being assassinated. Later that day Cromwell and his men discover Charles's whereabouts, and the fugitive monarch is again taken prisoner (The Roundheads, it is 'morning' on p.263). (MG/II)

1649 (Jan 30th) - Charles Stuart is convicted of treason and he is beheaded before a large but silent crowd (The Roundheads, the exact date is given on p.281). This is the last time a British monarch will suffer a deliberately inflicted injury until the late twentieth century (No Future p.77-78). (MG/CW)

c 1650 - Emperor Fasilidas rebuilds the Church of St Mary of Zion in the Ethiopian city of Axum (The Sword of Forever, this takes place in 'the mid seventeenth century' on p.190). (MG)

? 1655 - The Doctor, in one of his first seven incarnations, visits Blaise Pascal (The Dimension Riders, events mentioned on p.95, no date is given. Blaise Pascal lived in France from 1623 to 1662, arbitrarily dated). (CW)

c 1657 - On Mars the city of Sstee-ett-Haspar is sealed after it is targeted by germ warfare. The bacteriological weaponry, carrying a variant of the contagious sleeping fever, devastates the city's populace (GodEngine, this takes place 'over five centuries' earlier [than 2157] on p.128). (MG)

1660 - At the invitation of Parliament, King Charles II returns from exile in France (The Roundheads, no year is given on p.239, but this is an historical fact). Charles will bestow Pengriffin Manor upon the Flint family in recognition of the support rendered in the Civil War (The Spectre of Lanyon Moor, events mentioned on Disc 1 Track 6, this occurs in 'the seventeenth century'). (MG/CW)

c 1666 - (The Smugglers).

1666 (early Sept) - (The Visitation).

1672 - Mary Warren, who will have a narrow escape from the Salem witch trials, is born in New England (The Witch Hunters, Mary is 'twenty years old' in 1692, on p.36/124). (MG)

c 1672 - Exiled alien dictator Carthok, Slaughterer of the Unworthy, kidnaps several young men in the Cheapside of London, needing their minds to regenerate his biomechanical starship which was damaged in his escape from the planet Daeodalus (Phantasmagoria, this takes place 'every thirty years' [in 1702] on Disc 2, Track 8). (MG/JE)

1672 - Theophilus de Garencieres translates The True Prophecies or Prognostications of Michael Nostradamus (The King of Terror, the year is given on p.11/101/195). (MG)

? 1673 (Summer) - Out on Cirbury Tor, the midnight courtship of two young aristocrats, the son of the local magistrate and the mayor's daughter, is interrupted by one of a group of five travelling mummers begging. Outraged, the magistrate's son strikes the beggar, who falls and cracks his skull on one of the stones of the Tor. The dead man's blood, soaking into the stone, summons the Ragman from within his womb of rock. Taking possession of the corpse, the Ragman stalks the lovers and rips the young man apart before raping the mayor's daughter. Led by the mayor, a group of villagers attempt to hang the undead thing from a nearby larch, but it escapes and flees back into the stone from which it has emerged. Capturing the other four mummers, the villagers drag them and the stone to Dartmoor, where they hang and bury the musicians in revenge (Rags, this takes place 'one summer midnight' on p.160. The people are wearing 'seventeenth-century' clothing, on p.162/225. Events mentioned on p.132-6/156. Arbitrarily dated to three hundred years earlier than the main events in the novel). (MG)

? 1673 - Emily Sawyer, the daughter of Cirbury's mayor, is abandoned, disowned by her father when it is discovered she is with child. She dies in poverty while the child, the bastard offspring of her rape at the hands of the Ragman, is raised by the Church (Rags, events mentioned on p.125-6). (MG)

? 1679 - The Doctor, in one of his first seven incarnations, meets Samuel Pepys (The Dimension Riders, events mentioned on p.138, no date given. Samuel Pepys lived in London from 1633 to 1703, and was thrown in the Tower of London in 1679. Arbitrarily dated). (CW)

1680s - Nikolas Valentine claims to have been of service to King William and to have gained his knighthood at this time (Phantasmagoria). (JE)

1681 - Abigail Williams, catalyst of the Salem witch trials, is born in New England (The Witch Hunters, Abigail is 'eleven' years old in 1692, on p.61). (MG)

1685 - Jerak, an experimental Hakolian battle vehicle, falls on the quiet village of Hexen Bridge. The creature, the second-stage of a planned invasion, is buried beneath the village green. Due to the Malus malfunctioning at some stage during the last forty years, the battle vehicle never joins with the reconnaissance probe and the Hakolian invasion does not take place (The Hollow Men, the year is given on p.238, events mentioned on p.221). (MG)

c 1685 - The explorer Cowley makes a visit to the Galápagos Islands. In the report of his visit, he will make special mention of the behaviour of the birds there - they are tame in the company of humans, even to the extent of allowing their heads to be covered by them. Within the next one hundred and fifty years, this will change, and they will be just as mistrustful of humans as other birds are (Bloodtide, this occurs 'one hundred and fifty years' [before 1835] on Disc 1, Track 4). Eventually the prison colony of Bakaretho Mareno is founded on Chatham Islands, intended to house political prisoners from Ecuador (Bloodtide, no date is given on Disc 1, Track 5). (CW)

1685 (? Autumn) - The Bloody Assizes come to the secluded West Country village of Hexen Bridge. Judge George Jeffreys, Baron of Wem, orders every man over the age of fourteen to be rounded up and forced to dig a pit on the village green. When the pit is complete the Judge, claiming to act on God's words, which he heard in a vision, orders the men executed for treason against the King and their corpses thrown into the newly-dug mass grave (The Hollow Men, the year is given on p.238, it is sometime after 'July' on p.5). (MG/II)

1692 (Jan 11th) - The TARDIS arrives near Salem Village, Massachusetts at the time of the Puritans. While the Doctor stays behind to make necessary repairs Ian, Barbara and Susan sign in at Ingersoll's tavern as the Chesterton family (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.21). (MG)

1692 (Jan 14th) - Susan learns that she will marry a fighting man while a group of local Salem girls playfully have their futures foretold by eleven-year-old Abigail Williams. Unfortunately for the whole village, Abigail learns that she will be damned, and her convulsions will be the catalyst for the witch trials (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.1). (MG)

1692 (Jan 15th) - Susan meets local witch Bridget Bishop, while the Doctor meets Rebecca Nurse and uses the name 'John Smith' for the first time - a pseudonym he derives from the 1960s pop group 'John Smith and the Common Men' (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.30). (MG)

1692 (Jan 16th) - Discovering that the year is not, as they had believed, 1691 the time travellers depart before the witch trials take place. Later that night, Reverend Samuel Parris witnesses a group of girls performing wicked rites in a nearby forest - and the witch-hunt begins… (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.6/49). (MG)

1692 (June 29th Wed) - Susan uses the TARDIS' fast-return switch to return the ship to the seventeenth century after 'witnessing' the events of the witch trials in The Crucible on a brief trip to 1954 (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.8/81). (MG)

1692 (June 30th Thurs) - Ian and Barbara are attacked by a real coven of witches in the forest near Salem Village (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.99). (MG)

1692 (July 1st Fri) - Ian begins the task of getting Rebecca Nurse's guilty verdict overturned, while the Doctor manages to save Barbara from an angry mob (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.123). (MG)

1692 (July 2nd Sat) - The Doctor visits Rebecca Nurse in Salem Prison and witnesses the squalid conditions the inmates are forced to endure (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.143). (MG)

1692 (July 3rd Sun) - The Chesterton family attends Reverend Parris' church meetings. The service ends in disaster, with Susan being accused of witchcraft and being floated in a nearby brook and Ian being arrested and thrown into Salem Prison (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.163). (MG)

1692 (July 4th Mon) - The TARDIS is discovered in the nearby forest and, believing it to be a 'temple of evil', Reverend Parris has the villagers set it on fire. To avoid a disastrous turn of events the Doctor dematerialises the ship with only Barbara on board - Ian and Susan have been left behind in Salem Village (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.186). (MG)

1692 (July 18th Mon) - The Doctor uses the fast-return switch arriving not in Salem as expected, but in Boston. An older Doctor, near to the time of his first regeneration, is granted a boon after the events in the Death Zone - he returns to Salem Village and takes condemned witch Rebecca Nurse on a brief journey into the future (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.15/224). (MG/II)

1692 (July 19th Tues) - The Doctor, masquerading as an emissary from Governor Phips, manages to release Ian from jail. As the condemned are led to Gallows Hill, the four time travellers escape in the TARDIS (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.239/154). (MG)

1693 (Jan 14th) - While life has returned to normal for the villagers of Salem, Abigail Williams still suffers for her sins (The Witch Hunters, the exact date is given on p.269). (MG)

1698 - By this time the secret society at Abbots Siolfor has begun using simple initials instead of full names on their membership list as their numbers grow (Option Lock, events mentioned on p.78, it is 'the seventeenth century'). (CW)

1700 - This is the year in which the Puritans believe God will come to judge humanity and will find it wanting (The Witch Hunters, the year is given on p.42). (MG)